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Title

Paleolithic of the Korean Peninsula in the light of Suyanggae site

Polish Title

Paleolit Półwyspu Koreańskiego w świetle badań na stanowisku Suyanggae

Abstract

The presented paper is based on my study related with my master’s thesis entitled Palaeolithic of Asia in the light of the international series of the conferences Suyanggae and Her Neighbours. This article focuses on presentation of the results of research concerning one of the biggest Paleolithic site in South Korea. The Suyanggae site is located at Aegok-ri, Jeokseong-myeon, Danyang County, Chungbuk Province, by the South Han River. This site was investigated by Chungbuk National University Museum led by Professor Lee Yung-jo, and the work is still ongoing. It is one of the biggest Palaeolithic site in East Asia. This complex contains over 100.000 lithic artifacts, excavated from three Palaeolithic localities (I, III, VI). The continuity of flint processing is shown in several cultural layers of each locality of Suyanggae complex, started from Lower through Middle to Upper Paleolithic. Moreover, the Suyanggae site shown a large number of lithic assemblages with 50 flint workshops for tool production found in Suyanggae locality I and a few more workshops found in locality VI. The quartz, obsidian, rhyolite and siliceous shale was the main raw material which was utilized to make tools, and the lithic assemblage contains handaxes, cores, blades, flakes, side-scrapers, end-scrapers, tanged points, tanged tools among the others. These findings can confirm this open site to be a huge workshop. In addition, Suyanggae complex probably was used as seasonal camp in warmer periods and the surrounding caves may have been used as shelters when the climate was cooler.

Keywords

Paleolithic of the Far East, South Korea, flint assemblage, flint workshops, Suyanggae site

Polish Keywords

paleolit Dalekiego Wschodu, Korea Południowa, zespoły krzemienne, pracownie krzemieniarskie, stanowisko Suyanggae

References

Bae K. (2012), Korean Paleolithic Archaeology Today: a new perspective for 21st century, [w]: N.I. Drozdov, Y.J. Lee, J.Y. Woo (red.), The 17th International Symposium: SUYANGGAE and Her Neighbours in Kurtak, Institute of Korean Prehistory (IKP), Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical Univ. (KSPU), Rosja, s. 17–28.

Cho T.S. (2006), Paleolithic Cave Sites in South Korea – Paleoenvironment with the Faunal Observation, [w]: L. Domańska, Y.J. Lee (red.), Suyanggae and Her Neighbours, Institute of Korean Prahistory, Institute of Archaeology University of Łódź, Polska, s. 43–54.

Choi M.C. (2004), The Paleolithic Periods in Korea (= Korean Studies Series No. 28), Jimoondang, Seoul, Korea.

Kim K.J., Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y. (2015), Comparison of Cultural Layers with Radiocarbon Dates among Archaeological Sites: The Suyanggae Sites and Gunang-gul Cave, Danyang, South Korea, [w]: Y.J. Lee, J.Y. Woo, S.W. Lee, K.W. Lee (red.), The 20th (2) International Symposium for Celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the 1st Site Excavations: SUYANGGAE and Her Neighbours in Korea, Institute of Korean Prehistory (IKP), Korea, s. 271–282.

Lee K.W., Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y., Lee S.W., Ahn J.H. (2015), Engraved stones found at Suyanggae Locality VI: signs of modern human behavior, [w]: Y.J. Lee, J.Y. Woo, S.W. Lee, K.W. Lee (red.), The 20th (2) International Symposium for Celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the 1st Site Excavations: SUYANGGAE and Her Neighbours in Korea, Institute of Korean Prehistory (IKP), Korea, s. 299–312.

Lee S.W., Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y., Ahn J.H., Lee K.W. (2016), Suyanggae, Why so Important (X)? With the Focus on Tanged-points from Cultural Layer 4 at SYG – 6, [w]: M. Kornfeld, M.L. Larson, Y.J. Lee, J.Y. Woo, M. Cory (red.), 21st Suyanggae and Her Neighbours International Symposium: Suyanggae and Hell Gap, Paleoindian Reaserch Lab, University of Wyoming, Insitute of Korean Prehistory, University of Wyoming, Anthropology Museum, Stany Zjednoczone, s. 144–156.

Lee Y.J. (2007), Suyanggae: Why So Important?, [w]: N. Drozdov, Y.J. Lee (red.), The XIIth International Symposium Suyanggae and Her Neighbours. Prehistoric migrations in Eurasia and America, Krasnoyarsk state Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafiev, Institute of Korean Prehistory, Rosja, s. 7–23.

Lee Y.J., Kong S. (2003), The Suyanggae Lithic Assemblage: with Focus on Microblade Industry and Tanged Tools, [w]: Y.J. Lee, W.S. Kim (red.), The 8th International Symposium for 20th Anniversary of Suyanggae First Excavation: SUYANGGAE and Her Neighbours, Institute for Jungwon Culture, Chungbuk National University, Hakyoun Moonwhasa Press, Seoul, Korea, s. 21–26.

Lee Y.J., Otani K. (2010), SUYANGGAE: Why So Important (IV) – with Obsidian Studies, [w]: Y.J. Lee, J.Y. Woo, (red.), The 15th International Symposium: SUYANGGAE and Her Neighbours, Suyanggae Prehistory Museum, Institute of Korean Prehistory (IKP), Danyang County Office, Korea, s. 275–283.

Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y. (2013), Suyanggae: Why so Important (III) – with Focus on Handaxe, [w]: G. Xing, Y.J. Lee (red.), The 14th International Symposium for commemoration of the 80th Anniversary of the Discovery of the First Skull of Peking Man 19–23 October 2009: SUYANGGAE and Her Neighbours, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Institute of Korean Prehistory (IKP), Suyanggae Int’l. Symposium Executive Committee, Chiny, s. 3–11.

Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y., Kong S. (2001), End-scrapers from Locality I of the Suyanggae Site, Danyang, Korea, [w]: Y.J. Lee, S.W. Lee (red.), The 6th International Symposium: SUYANGGAE and Her Neighbours, Museum Chungbuk National University, Korea, s. 3–30.

Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y., Kong S. (2004), Suyanggae Tanged Points: a Comparatative Approach on Korean Tanged Points – Its Technical and Typological Characteristics, [w]: Y.J. Lee, M. Ambiru (red.), The 9th International Symposium: Suyanggae and Her Neighbours, Meiji University Museum, Japonia, s. 173–180.

Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y., Lee S.W. (2013), Suyanggae: Why So Important (VI) – with New Findings from Loc. III, [w]: G. Xing, N.I. Drozdov, L. Domańska, J.Y. Woo (red.), Commemoration Int’l Symp. for the 90th Anniversary of Shuidonggou Discovery and the 18th Suyanggae and Her Neighbours for 50 Years of Prof. Yung-jo LEE’s Paleolithic Study: SHUIDONGGOU and SUYANGGAE, Institute of Korean Prehistory (IKP), Institue of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP), Chiny, s. 124–127.

Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y., Lee S.W. (2015), Suyanggae: why so important (IX)?: 30 Years of the Suyanggae Complex, [w]: Y.J. Lee, J.Y. Woo, S.W. Lee, K.W. Lee (red.), The 20th (2) International Symposium for Celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the 1st Site Excavations: SUYANGGAE and Her Neighbours in Korea, Institute of Korean Prehistory (IKP), Korea, s. 247–262.

Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y., Lee S.W., An J.H. (2014), SUYANGGAE: Why So Important (VII)? – with the newly excavated Loc. VI, Suyanggae Site, [w]: L. Domańska, Y.J. Lee, J.Y. Woo (red.), The 19th International Symposium Suyanggae and Her Neighbours in Poland. Lodz and Suyanggae, Institute of Archaeology University of Lodz, Institute of Korean Prehistory (IKP), Polska, s. 191–197.

Suh H.S., Lee Y.J., Woo J.Y., Lee S.W., Park J.M., Ahn J.H., Lee K.W., Joo J.S., Choi W.H., Yang H.J. (2015), Measurement of Dimension and its Related Measurands of the Pebble Stone with Engraved Lines Excavated from Loc. VI of SUYANGGAE Site, Korea, [w]: Y.J. Lee, J.Y. Woo, S.W. Lee, K.W. Lee (red.), The 20th (2) International Symposium for Celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the 1st Site Excavations: SUYANGGAE and Her Neighbours in Korea, Institute of Korean Prehistory (IKP), Korea, s. 283–297.

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