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Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Iuridica

Polish Title

Anglo-germańska historiografia prawnicza Johna Mitchella Kemble’a

Abstract

Ideas about legal and constitutional systems in the British Isles, based upon a native genius, and ultimately upon the racial composition of the nation(s), were developed and deployed during the nineteenth century. The work of John Mitchell Kemble can be counted here amongst the developers of the literature informing this evolving historiographical norm of the Common Law tradition. Kemble’s work was fundamental to the establishment of a historical theory which underlay the development of the Common Law and its institutions with a specific and conscious Germanic attribution and constructed derivation. Kemble’s role was critical, in this creative discourse, as a polymath aggregator, whose work crossed modern-day conceptions of disciplinary boundaries. The developed and acquired Germanic historico-legal convention consistently emphasised a narrative of the Common Law’s uniqueness, and it was a tradition which eventually gained a fundamental intellectual position.

Polish Abstract

W dziewiętnastym stuleciu doszło do rozwoju i rozprzestrzenienia się różnych koncepcji dotyczących porządków prawnych i ustrojowych Wysp Brytyjskich, które wywodziły się z ducha narodowego, a ostatecznie opierały się na rasowej kompozycji narodu (bądź narodów). John Mitchell Kemble może być zaliczony w poczet twórców literatury prezentującej ten ewolucyjny wzorzec tradycji common law. Działalność Kemble’a była kluczowa dla ustanowienia doktryny historycznej, która leży u podstaw rozwoju common law oraz jego instytucji, ze szczególnym i świadomym uwzględnieniem germańskich oraz pochodnych wpływów. Pozycja Kemble’a była ważna, w trakcie twórczego dyskursu, jako erudycyjnego zwornika, którego działania wykraczały poza współczesną koncepcję ograniczonych dyscyplin naukowych. Rozwinięta i przyjęta germańska konwencja historyczno-prawna konsekwentnie kładła nacisk na narrację dotyczącą wyjątkowości common law. Była to również tradycja, która ostatecznie zyskała fundamentalne znaczenie dla nauki.

Keywords

Legal History, Legal Theory, Historiography, Anglo-Saxon Laws, Methodology

Polish Keywords

historia prawa, teoria prawa, historiografia, prawa anglosaskie, metodologia

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First Page

51

Last Page

66

Language

eng

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