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Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Iuridica

Polish Title

Samuel Rutherford – monarchia prawa czy monarchia świętych?

Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9466-1173 Tulejski Tomasz

Abstract

Samuel Rutherford – Scottish Presbyterian priest and political thinker who lived in the times of English civil war – is commonly considered as one of the theorists of the monarchy of law concept, the mixed constitution and the right of revolution. All these ideas are fundamental for modern English constitutionalism which is in opposition to the idea of monarchical absolutism which is based on the concept of the social contract. For this reason, he was among the authorities quoted by the Founding Fathers during their opposition against the arbitrary powers of the Metropole. Meanwhile, the global analysis of his achievements put in doubts many circulating opinions regarding the author of Lex, Rex. In this article, an author proves that the hermeneutic analysis of Rutherford’s political theology suggests that Rutherford was not the theorist of the monarchy of law in its common meaning, but rather theonomic vision of the state.

Polish Abstract

Samuel Rutherford – szkocki prezbiteriański pastor i myśliciel polityczny okresu angielskiej wojny domowej – uważany jest powszechnie za jednego z teoretyków koncepcji monarchii prawa, ustroju mieszanego oraz prawa oporu. Wszystkie te idee, konstytuujące nowożytny angielski konstytucjonalizm w opozycji do monarszego absolutyzmu, wywodzi z koncepcji umowy społecznej, co czyni zeń autora, do którego odwoływali się dla przykładu Ojcowie Założyciele w swym sprzeciwie wobec arbitralnej władzy metropolii. Tymczasem analiza całości jego dorobku każe poddać w wątpliwość wiele obiegowych opinii na temat autora Lex, Rex. W niniejszym artykule autor dowodzi, że hermeneutyczna analiza teologii politycznej Rutherforda skłania do wniosku, że nie był on teoretykiem monarchii prawa w jej powszechnym znaczeniu, lecz w istocie teonomicznej wizji państwa.

Keywords

Rutherford, monarchy of law, English Civil War

Polish Keywords

Rutherford, monarchia prawa, angielska wojna domowa

References

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Rutherford, Samuel. 1649. A free disputation against pretended liberty of conscience tending to resolve doubts moved by Mr. John Goodwin, John Baptist, Dr. Jer. Taylor, the Belgick Arminians, Socinians, and other authors contending for lawlesse liberty, or licentious toleration of sects and heresies. London: Andrew Crook.

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Rutherford, Samuel. 1843. Lex, Rex, or The Law and the Prince; A dispute for The Just Prerogative of King and People: containing The reasons and causes of the most necessary defensive wars of the Kingdom of Scotland, and of their Expedition for the aid and help of their dear brethren of England; in which their innocency is asserted, and a full answer is given to a seditious pamphlet, entitled, Sacro-Sancta Regnum Majestatis. Edinburgh: Robert Ogle and Oliver & Boyd.

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First Page

67

Last Page

81

Language

pol

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