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Polish Title

Analiza predykcyjna w zapobieganiu przestępczości i Europejska Konwencja Praw Człowieka

Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2092-2873 Murauskas Donatas

Abstract

In this paper, I discuss whether the European Convention on Human Rights provides safeguards to individuals affected by predictive analytics in crime prevention. I start with depicting a conceptual issue that worries legal scholars – the trend of law-enforcement authorities to increase their attention to crime prevention rather than traditional criminal investigations. Then, I dive into the right to privacy case-law of the European Court of Human Rights looking for the Court’s references to the threats of data processing. Lastly, I select concrete cases of the European Court of Human Rights on the right to a fair trial to show that the human rights safeguards are not yet developed to frame predictive analytics in crime prevention.

Polish Abstract

W tym artykule omawiam, czy Europejska Konwencja Praw Człowieka zapewnia ochronę osobom, których dotyczą analizy predykcyjne w zapobieganiu przestępczości. Zacznę od przedstawienia zagadnienia koncepcyjnego, które niepokoi prawników – tendencji organów ścigania do zwracania większej uwagi na zapobieganie przestępczości, a nie na tradycyjne dochodzenia. Następnie zagłębię się w prawo do orzecznictwa Europejskiego Trybunału Praw Człowieka w zakresie prywatności, szukając odniesień Trybunału do zagrożeń związanych z przetwarzaniem danych. Na koniec wybrałem konkretne sprawy Europejskiego Trybunału Praw Człowieka dotyczące prawa do rzetelnego procesu sądowego, aby wykazać, że zabezpieczenia praw człowieka nie zostały jeszcze opracowane; aby opracować ramy analiz predykcyjnych w zapobieganiu przestępczości. Stwierdzam, że orzecznictwo Europejskiego Trybunału nie gwarantuje wystarczającej ochrony praw człowieka, zwłaszcza gdy organy ścigania stosują analizy predykcyjne w zapobieganiu przestępczości.

Keywords

right to a fair trial, human rights, European Court of Human Rights, predictive analytics, case-law

Polish Keywords

prawo do rzetelnego procesu, prawa człowieka, Europejski Trybunał Praw Człowieka, analizy predykcyjne, orzecznictwo

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First Page

225

Last Page

250

Language

eng

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