European Spatial Research and Policy


The ageing of the population will change many societies in unprecedented ways. The changing age composition does not only create a burden on existing income systems and health care systems, but also affects the geographical mobility of populations. The objective of this paper is to provide some first insights into the moving behaviour of older adults in the Netherlands. By using data of the Housing Research Netherlands (HRN) 2009 survey, it was possible to investigate whether or not later-life residential mobility is influenced by individual characteristics and housing attributes. The responses of migrants and non-migrants are compared by conducting several two-way-chi-square analyses. The results of these descriptive analyses demonstrate that migrants indeed differ from non-migrants and that these differences are mostly related to housing attributes.


mobility, residential behaviour, older adults




ABDEL-GHANY, M. and SHARPE, D. L. (1997), ‘Consumption Patterns Among the Young-Old and Old-Old’, The Journal of Consumer Affairs, 31 (1), pp. 90–112.

AXELSON, M. L. and PENFIELD, M. P. (1983), ‘Factors Associated with Food Expenditure of Elderly Persons Living Alone’, Home Economics Research Journal, 12 (2), pp. 228–236.

BLOEM, B., TILBURG, T. van and THOMESE, F. (2008), ‘Residential Mobility in Older Dutch Adults: Influence of Later Life Events’, International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, 1 (3), pp. 21–44.

BONAIUTO, M., AIELLO, A., PERUGINI, M., BONNES, M. and ERCOLANI, A. P. (1999), ‘Multidimensional Perception of Residential Quality and Neighbourhood Attachment in the Urban Environment’, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19 (4), pp. 331–352.

BONNET C., GOBILLON, L. and LAFERRÈRE A. (2010), ‘The Effect of Widowhood on Housing and Location Choices’, Journal of Housing Economics, 19, pp. 94–108.

BONVALET, C. and OGG, J. (2008), ‘The Housing Situation and Residential Strategies of Older People in France’, Ageing and Society, 28, pp. 753–777.

CBS (2011), Statline http://www.statline.cbs.nl 16 May.

CHOI, N. G. and DINSE, S. (1998), ‘Challenges and Opportunities of the Ageing Population: Social Work Education and Practice for Productive Aging’, Education Gerontology, 24 (2), pp. 159–174.

ERICKSON, M. A., KROUT, J., EWEN, H. and ROBINSON, J. (2006), ‘Should I Stay or Should I Go? Moving Plans of Older Adults’, Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 20 (3), pp. 5–22.

FOKKEMA, T., GIERVELD, J. and NIJKAMP, P. (1996), ‘Big Cities, Big Problems: Reasons for the Elderly to Move?’, Urban Studies, 33 (2), pp. 353–377.

GABRIEL, Z. and BOWLING, A. (2004), ‘Quality of Life from the Perspectives of Older People’. Ageing and Society, 24, pp. 675–691.

GONYEA, J. G. (2006), ‘Housing, Health, and Quality of Life’, [in:] BERKMAN, B. and D'AMBRUOSO, S. (eds.), Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 539–549.

GRECO, A. J. (1987), ‘Linking Dimensions of the Elderly Market to Market Planning’, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 4 (2), pp. 47–55.

HARRISON, B. (1986), ‘Spending Patterns of Older Persons Revealed in Expenditure Survey’, Monthly Labor Review, 109 (10), pp. 15–17.

IERSEL, J. van, LEIDELMEIJER, K. and BUYS, A. (2010), Senioren op de woningmarkt: nieuwe generaties, andere eisen en wensen, Den Haag: Ministerie van Volkshuisvesting, Ruimtelijke Ordening en Milieubeheer.

JONG, G. F. de, WILMOTH, J. M., ANGEL, J. L. and CORNWELL, G. T. (1995), ‘Motives and the Geographic Mobility of Very old Americans’, Journals of Gerontology, 50 (6), pp. 395–404.

JONG, P. A. de (2011), ‘Residential Moving Behaviour of Dutch Older Adults’, Paper presented at the European Regional Science Association Conference, Barcelona, 30 August – 3 September.

KIM, S., KIM, H. and KIM, W. G. (2003), ‘"Impacts of Senior Citizens" Lifestyle on Their Choices of Elderly Housing’, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 20 (3), pp. 210–226.

KIM, S. (2011), ‘Intra-Regional Residential Movement of the Elderly: Testing a Suburban-to-Urban Migration Hypothesis’, Annals of Regional Science, 46, pp. 1–17.

LAWTON, M. P. and NAHEMOW, L. (1973), ‘Ecology and the Aging Process’, [in:] EISDORFER C. and LAWTON M. P. (eds.), The Psychology of Adult Development and Aging, Washington: American Psychological Association, pp. 619–674.

LAZER, W. (1986), ‘Dimensions of the Mature Market’, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 3 (3), pp. 23–34.

LITWAK, E. and LONGINO, C. F., Jr. (1987), ‘Migration Patterns among the Elderly: A Developmental Perspective’, The Gerontologist, 27, pp. 266–272.

LONGINO, C. F., BRADLEY, D. E., STOLLER, E. P. and HAAS, W. H. (2008), ‘Predictors of Non-Local Moves Among Older Adults: A Prospective Study’, The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 63, pp. S7–S14.

MOEHRLE, T. (1990), ‘Expenditure Patterns of the Elderly: Workers and Nonworkers’, Monthly Labor Review, 113, pp. 34–41.

OSWALD, F., SCHILLING, O., WAHL, H. and GANG, K. (2002), ‘Trouble in Paradise? Reasons to Relocate and Objective Environmental Changes among Well-Off Older Adults’, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22, pp. 273–288.

PLANE, D. A. and ROGERSON, P. A (1991), ‘Tracking the Baby Boom, the Baby Bust, and the Echo Generations: How Age Composition Regulates US Migration’, The Professional Geographer, 43 (4), pp. 416–430.

PLANE, D. A., HENRIE, C. J. and PERRY, M. J. (2005), ‘Migration up and Down the Urban Hierarchy and across the Life Course’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102 (43), pp. 15313–15318.

POPE, N. D. and KANG, B. (2010), ‘Residential Relocation in Later Life: A Comparison of Proactive and Reactive Moves’, Journal of Housing For the Elderly, 24 (2), pp. 193–207.

SCHWENK, F. N. (1995), ‘Assets of Elderly Households’, Family Economics Review, 8 (1), pp. 13–19.

SHOEMAKER, S. (2000), ‘Segmenting the Mature Market: 10 Years Later’, Journal of Travel Research, 39 (1), pp. 13–19.

SOGELÉE, G. and GALEN, J. van (2007), Monitor Investeren voor de Toekomst 2006 (Monitor Investing in the Future), Delft: ABF Research.

TÄUBER, C. (1983), America in Transition: An Ageing Society, Washington: US Government Printing Office.

WALTERS, W. H. (2002), ‘Place Characteristics and Later-life Migration’, Research on Aging, 24 (2), pp. 243–277.

WISEMAN, R. (1980), ‘Why Older People Move: Theoretical Issues’, Research on Aging, 2, pp. 141–154.

First Page


Last Page