https://doi.org/10.1515/esrp-2015-0024">
  •  
  •  
 
European Spatial Research and Policy

Abstract

This article analyses the structure of heritage conservation in the national context of Portugal. It assesses the political context in which planning operates, and the place of conservation and heritage planning within the planning system. By exploring how heritage conservation discourses developed within the national planning framework it is possible to understand the emergence of conservation practices and to consider recommendations for improved efficiency. The World Heritage cities in Portugal inform this research, as its designation should stand for best historic practices, internationally recognized and thus also compliant to an internationally coherent approach towards conservation policies. The narrative unveils a regulatory legislative framework exposed in general considerations rhetorically formulated as policy, usually setting out objectives and requirements, but saying ‘very little about the methodologies to be followed in the preparation of the plans’ (Rosa Pires 2001, p. 185). The resulting overlapping and sometimes conflicting competences, aims and objectives, all at play in the management of the historic city, thus call for concerted strategies underpinned by appropriate organizational and institutional structures and consistent policy making, where inclusive participation of all key stakeholders involved is critical.

Keywords

urban conservation, public realm, placemaking, heritage management

Language

eng

References

ALHO, C. and CABRITA, A. (1988), ‘Cartas e convenções internacionais sobre o património arquitectónico europeu’, Sociedade e Território, 6 (2), pp. 131–135.

BALSAS, C. (2007), ‘City centre revitalization in Portugal: a study of Lisbon and Porto’, Journal of Urban Design, 12 (2), pp. 231–259.

CARTER, N. and NUNES DA SILVA, F. (2001), ‘Recent Changes in Territorial Planning and the System for Controlling Urban Development in Portugal’, The Town Planning Review, 72 (3), pp. 341–370.

CIDRE, E. (2010), Planning for public realm conservation: the case of Portugal’s World Heritage cities. Phd Thesis. UCL.

CML (2005), ‘Reabilitação Urbana, Baixa Pombalina: bases para uma intervenção de salvaguarda’, Lisbon: Câmara Municipal de Lisboa – Pelouros do Licenciamento Urbanístico, Reabilitação Urbana, Planeamento Urbano, Planeamento Estratégico e Espaços Verdes.

CMP (ed.) (1998), ‘Relatório final: projecto piloto urbano da Sé-Porto’, Porto: CMP.

COSTA LOBO, M. (2001), Administração Urbanistica, Evolução Legal e sua Prática, IST Press.

CRUARB (ed.) (2000), CRUARB 25 anos de Reabilitação Urbana, Porto: CMP.

EVANS, D. (1994), ‘World Heritage Sites: Beauty Contest or Planning Constraint’, Journal of Planning and Environmental Law, June, pp. 503–508.

FERNANDES, M., FIGUEIRINHAS, L., BELBETÕES/PEDRAMALBA, DE CARVALHO, J. M. (2000), ‘Intervenções da Direcção-Geral dos Edificios e Monumentos Nacionais’, [DGEMN], Monumentos 13, September, pp. 108–109.

GUIMARÃES, F. (2000), ‘Uma história do CRUARB’, [in:] CRUARB (ed.), CRUARB 25 anos de Reabilitação Urbana, Porto: CMP.

GONÇALVES, F. (1989), Evolução Histórica do Direito do Urbanismo em Portugal: 1871−1988. Lisbon: LNEC.

ICOMOS (1987), ‘Charter on the Conservation of Historic Towns and Urban Areas’, http://www.international.icomos.org/charters/towns_e.pdf [accessed 19.06.2015].

ICOMOS (2011), ‘The Valletta Principles for the Safeguarding and Management of Historic Cities, Towns and Urban Areas’, http://civvih.icomos.org/sites/default/files/CIVVIH%20Valletta%20Principles.pdf [access 19.06.2015].

IPPAR (ed.) (2001), ‘Património, balanço e perspectivas [2000−2006]’, Lisbon: Ministry of Culture.

JOKILEHTO, J. (1996), ‘International standards, principles and charters of conservation’, [in:] MARKS, S. (ed.), Concerning Buildings, Studies in honour of Sir Bernard Feilden, Oxford: Butterworth−Heinemann, pp. 55–81.

NETO, M. (2002), ‘Carta de Cracóvia 2000: os princípios de restauro para uma nova Europa’, Estudos / Património, 3 (2), pp. 93–99. IPPAR.

PINHO, P., SOUSA, S., GONZÁLEZ, R., SOLLA, X. (2005), ‘Modelos de Gestão: soluções institucionais para as cidades históricas’, Câmara Municipal do Porto and Ayuntamiento de Santiago de Compostela.

ROSA PIRES, A. (2001), ‘Breaking the ties with the Master Plan: spatial strategic plans in Portugal’, [in:] ALBRECHTS, L., ALDEN, J. and ROSA PIRES, A. (eds.), The Changing Institutional Landscape of Planning, Ashgate, pp. 181–208.

SRU (2008), ‘Revitalização Urbana e Social da Baixa do Porto’, Porto Vivo.

STEWART, M. (2002), ‘Compliance and Collaboration in Urban Governance’, [in:] CARS, G., HEALEY, P., MADANIPOUR, A., DE MAGALHAES, C. (eds.), Urban Governance, institutional capacity and social milieu, Ashgate, pp. 149–168.

First Page

37

Last Page

56

Language

eng

Share

COinS