The article deals with the issues of the innovations implemented in public transport. Their theoretical background was defined in the form of the latest concepts of territorial development: the theory of sustainable development, circular economy, and smart city. The examples of innovations quoted above have been analysed in terms of their impact on: the local community, the environment, health, safety, and economic and social aspects. The main conclusion drawn from the analysis is that technical innovations in public transport contribute to improving mobility, the comfort and safety of commute, and, at the same time, have a positive impact on the environment.
local public transport, public innovation, good practices
ALEXANDERSSON, G., HULTÉN, S. and FÖLSTER, S. (1998), ‘The Effects of Competition in Swedish Local Bus Services’, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 32 (2), pp. 203–219.
ANDERSEN, M. M. (2008), ‘Eco-innovation – towards taxonomy and a theory’, Presented at the Entrepreneurship and innovation – organizations, institutions, systems and regions, DRUID Conference, C, Green Chemistry Kopenhagen, CBS, Denmark.
ANSELL, CH. and TORFING, J. (2014), ‘Collaboration and design: new tools for public innovation’, [in:] ANSELL CH. and TORFING, J. (eds.), Public innovation through collaboration and design, Oxon, New York: Routledge, pp. 1–18.
BEKKERS, V., EDELENBOS J. and STEIJN, B. (2011), Innovation in the Public Sector: Linking Capacity and Leadership. IIAS series Governance and Public Management, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
BEKKERS, V., TUMMERS L. and VOORBERG, W. (2013), From public innovation to social innovation in the public sector: A literature review of relevant drivers and barriers, a paper presented at the conference Edinburg: EGPA 2013.
BOITANI, A., NICOLINI, M. and SCARPA, C. (2013), ‘Do competition and ownership matter? Evidence from local public transport in Europe’, Applied Economics, 45 (11), pp. 1419–1434.
BOMMERT, B. (2010),‘Collaborative innovation in the public sector’, International Public Management Review, 11 (1), pp. 15–33.
BOONS, F., MONTALVO, C., QUIST, J. and WAGNER, M. (2013), ‘Sustainable innovation, business models and economic performance: an overview’, Journal of Cleaner Production, Sustainable Innovation and Business Models, 45, pp. 1–8.
BRATNICKI, M. (2008), ‘The configuration view of organizational entrepreneurship’, Economics and Organization of Enterprises, 6, pp. 17–22.
BUEHLER, R. and PUCHER, J. (2011), ‘Making public transport financially sustainable’, Transport Policy, 18, pp. 126–138.
CARRILLO-HERMOSILLA, J., GONZALÉZ, P., DEL, R. and KÖNNÖLÄ, T. (2009), Eco-Innovation: When Sustainability and Competitiveness Shake Hands, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
CHOURABI, H., GIL-GARCIA, J.R., MELLOULI, S., NAHON, K., NAM, T., PARDO, T.A., SCHOLL, H. J. and WALKER, S. (2012), Understanding Smart Cities: An Integrative Framework, Proceedings of the 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Science, IEEE Computer Society, Grand Wailea, Maui.
CLARK, J. H., FARMER, T. J., HERRERO-DAVILA, L. and SHERWOOD, J. (2016), ‘Circular economy design considerations for research and process development in the chemical science’s’, Green Chemistry, 18 (14), pp. 3914–3934.
DRUCKER, P.F.(1992), Innovation and entrepreneurship, Warsaw: PWE.
EGMOND, P. van, NIJKAMP, P. and VINDIGNI, G. (2003), ‘A comparative analysis of the performance of urban public transport systems in Europe’, International Social Science Journal, 55 (176), pp. 235–247.
EUROSTAT (2017), Energy, transport and environment indicators. 2017 edition, Luxembourg: Office of the European Union.
FIORIO, C. V., FLORIO, M. and PERUCCA, G. (2013), ‘User satisfaction and the organization of local public transport: Evidence from European cities’, Transport Policy, 29, pp. 209–218.
FUNDUSZ ARC (2013), Innovations in the public sector. Report presenting the current state of knowledge, Sofia: Fund ARC.
HALVORSEN, T. (2005), ‘On innovation in the public sector’, [in:] HALVORSEN, T. (ed.), HAUKNES, J., MILES, I.and ROSTE, R., On the differences between public and private sector innovation, Public Report No. D9, Oslo: NIFU STEP, pp. 2–18.
HARTLEY, J. (2005), ‘Innovation in governance and public services. Past and Present’, Public Money &Management, 25 (1), pp. 27–34.
HOWARD, J. H. (2012), Innovation, Ingenuity and Initiative: The adoption and application of new ideas in Australian local government, Canberra: ANSZOG Institute for Governance, Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government.
HUGHES, A., MOORE, K. and KATARIA, N. (2011), Innovation in Public Sector Organisations, London: NESTA.
JESUS, A. DE and MENDONÇA, S. (2017), Lost in Transition? Drivers and Barriers in the Eco-Innovation Road to the Circular Economy, SPRU Working Paper Series.
KEMP, R. (2010), ‘Eco-innovation: Definition, Measurement and Open Research Issues’, Economia politica, 27 (3), pp. 397–420.
KUNAPATARAWONG, R. and MARTÍNEZ-ROS, E. (2016), ‘Towards green growth: How does green innovation affect employment?’, Research Policy, 45, pp. 1218–1232.
LENT, A. and LOCKWOOD, M. (2010), Creative Destruction: Placing Innovation at the Heart of Progressive Economic, documents to discussion IPPR.
LIN, B. C. and ZHENG, S. (2016), ‘New Direction in Environmental Economics’, Journal of Economic Surveys, 30 (3), pp. 397–402.
MAZZUCATO, M. (2016), Enterprising state. Debunk the myth about the public and private sector relations, Poznan: Heterodox Economic Publisher.
MEIJER, A. and THAENES, M. (2018), ‘Urban Technological Innovation: Developing and Testing a Sociotechnical Framework for Studying Smart City Projects’, Urban Affairs Review, 54 (2), pp. 363–387.
NOWAKOWSKA, A. (2015), ‘Building a smart city. Montpellier Case Study’, Urban Studies, 19, pp. 23–34.
ONGKITTIKUL, S. and GEERLINGS, H. (2006), ‘Opportunities for innovation in public transport: Effects of regulatory reforms on innovative capabilities’, Transport Policy, 13(4), pp. 283–293.
OSBORNE, S.P.(1998), Voluntary Organisations and innovation in public services, London: Routledge.
OSBORNE, S. P. and BROWN, L. (2005), Managing Change and Innovation in Public Service Organization, London: Routledge.
OSBORNE, S. P. and BROWN, L. (2011), ‘Innovation, public policy and public services delivery in UK: The world that would be king?’, Public Administration, 89 (4), pp. 1335–1350.
PAPADOPOULOU, CH.-A. (2017), ‘Crowdsourcing and Living Labs in Support of Smart Cities’ Development’, International Journal of E-Planning Research (IJEPR), 6 (2), pp. 22–38.
PINA, V. and TORRES, L. (2001), ‘Analysis of the efficiency of local government services delivery. An application to urban public transport’, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 35 (10), pp. 929–944.
RENNINGS, K. (2000), ‘Redefining innovation – eco-innovation research and the contribution from ecological economics’, Ecological Economics, 32, pp. 319–332.
ROGERS, E. M. (2003), Diffusion of Innovations, New York: The Free Press.
SALONEN, A. O. (2018), ‘Passenger’s subjective traffic safety, in-vehicle security and emergency management in the driverless shuttle bus in Finland’, Transport Policy, 61, pp. 106–110.
SOKOŁOWICZ, M. E. and PRZYGODZKI, Z. (2016), ‘Urban logistics and sustainable transport’, [in:] NOWAKOWSKA, A. (ed.), Eko City & Economy. Sustainable, intelligent and participative development of the city, Łódź: the University of Łódź.
SØRENSEN, E. and TORFING, J. (2011),‘Enhancing collaborative innovation in the public sector’, Administration and Society, 43 (8), pp. 842–68.
SØRENSEN, E. and TORFING, J. (2012), ‘Collaborative innovation in the public sector’, The Innovation Journal, 17 (1), pp. 1–14.
UN-HABITAT (2016), The State of European Cities 2016. Cities leading the way to a better future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, European Union.
WALKER, R. (2006), ‘Innovation Type and Diffusion: an Empirical Analysis of Local Government’, Public Administration, 84, pp. 311–335.
XIA, T., NITSCHKE, M., ZHANG, Y., SHAH, P., CRABBS, H.and HANSEN, A. (2015), ‘Traffic-related air pollution and health co-benefits of alternative transport in Adelaide, South Australia’, Environment International, 74, pp. 286–287.
ZAWIESKA, J. and PIERIEGUD, J. (2018), ‘Smart city as a tool for sustainable mobility and transport decarbonisation’, Transport Policy, 63, pp. 39–50.
ZHAO, Y. and ZHU, Q. (2014), ‘Evaluation on crowdsourcing research: Current status and future direction’, Information Systems Frontiers, 16 (3), pp. 417–434.