Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3572-9152 Lakócai Csaba


The beginning of the 21st century was a proliferation of complementary currencies worldwide. Among them, a number of newly created local currencies were notable. France proved to be especially fertile in this regard from the early 2010s. La Gonette, operating in the metropolitan area of Lyon, is one of the biggest French local complementary currencies in terms of its users, providers (business partners), and money supply. For every scheme, the most important issue, which is also a challenge, is to provide enough spending options to be attractive for users, while also retaining their particular sociocultural identity. Besides a variety of spending options, their location features are also important in regards to future development, so decision-makers of a scheme can diversify the business expansion strategy accordingly in order to better achieve the desired socio-economic goals. Using la Gonette as a case study, the research objective of this paper is to uncover the implications of the providers’ location on the functioning of the scheme. To address this objective, I applied statistical tests for correspondence on the providers’ categorical and locational breakdowns. The results have shown heterogeneity in the spatial distribution of the types of providers in accordance with broader location characteristics, a fact which supports the need for territorial diversification of future development concepts.


local complementary currencies, la Gonette, France, location features




BALOUZAT, B. and SIMON, A. (2017), Ségrégation résidentielle par le revenu dans quatre grandes villes de la région : des quartiers souvent marqués socialement, INSEE, 30.

BALOUZAT, B., GEYMOND, J. and BERTRAND, P. (2019), Quartiers de Lyon : de profondes mutations en 30 ans, avec une forte dynamique à l’est, INSEE, 83.

BLANC, J. and FARE, M. (2013), ‘Understanding the Role of Governments and Administrations in the Implementation of Community and Complementary Currencies’, Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 1, pp. 63–81. https://doi.org/10.1111/apce.12003

BLANC, J. and FARE, M. (2016), ‘Turning values concrete: the role and ways of business selection in local currency schemes’, Review of Social Economy, 74 (3), pp. 298–319. https://doi.org/10.1080/00346764.2016.1168035

BLANC, J. and FARE, M. (2018), ‘Contrasted cases. Successes and failures of local currency schemes in France since 2010’, International Journal of Community Currency Research, 22 (1), pp. 60–73.

BLANC, J. and LAKOCAI, C. (2020), ‘Toward Spatial Analyses of Local Currencies: the case of France’, International Journal of Community Currency Research, 24 (1), pp. 11–29.

BOUCHPAN, L., BERTRAND, P., RECOULY, Y. and LAGARDE, T. (2014), Grand Lyon : les défis environnementaux et humains d’une forte attractivité, INSEE, 226.

COHEN, B. (2017), ‘The Rise of Alternative Currencies in Post-Capitalism’, Journal of Management Studies, 54 (5), pp. 739–746. https://doi.org/10.1111/joms.12245

COLLOM, E. (2005), ‘Community currency in the United States: the social environments in which it emerges and survives’, Environment and Planning A, 37 (9), pp. 1565–1587. https://doi.org/10.1068/a37172

DIDIER, R.(2020), Le profil socioéconomique des utilisateurs de monnaies locales en France. Le cas particulier du Florain à Nancy, Document de Travail [Working Paper] n° 2020 – 49, Bureau d’Économie Théorique et Appliquée.

GÓMEZ, G. M. and HELMSING, A. H. J. (2007), ‘Selective Spatial Closure and Local Economic Development: What Do We Learn from the Argentine Local Currency Systems?’, World Development, 36 (11), pp. 2489–2511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.11.015

GUILLAUME, A. and LUNG, Y. (2019), Les Monnaies Locales complémentaires en Nouvelle-Aquitaine : un état des lieux, NOTE DE TRAVAIL MoLoNA n°1 – Novembre 2019, Maison des sciences de l’homme d’Aquitaine.

JOHNSON, S. and HARVEY-WILSON, H. (2018), ‘Local currency adoption and use: insight from a realist evaluation of the Bristol Pound’, Bath Papers in Internation Development and Wellbeing, 56.

KENNEDY, M., LIETAER, B. and ROGERS, J. (2012), People Money. The Promise of Regional Currencies, Axminster.

LAHI, F. (2019), Rhȏne et Métropole de Lyon : deux territoires moteurs de l’emploi regional, INSEE, 62.

MARCON, É. and PUECH, F. (2014), ‘Mesures de la concentration spatiale en espace continu: théorie et applications’, Économie et Statistique, 474, pp. 105–131. https://doi.org/10.3406/estat.2014.10514

MARSHALL, A. P. and O’NEILL, D. (2018), ‘The Bristol Pound: A Tool for Localisation?’, Ecological Economics, 146, pp. 273–281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.11.002

MAURY, S. and GILBERT, A. (2016), Les arrondissements de Lyon: de profondes mutations socio-économiques en 40 ans, INSEE, 29.

NEILAGH, Z. M. and GHAFOURIAN, M. (2018), ‘Evaluation of Social Sustainability in Residential Neighborhoods’, European Journal of Sustainable Development, 7 (1), pp. 209–217. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2018.v7n1p209

New Economics Foundation (NEF) (2015), Money with a purpose. Community currencies achieving social, environmental and economic impact, http://b.3cdn.net/nefoundation/ff-0740cad32550d916_o1m6byac6.pdf

ORTEGA-MOMTEQUIN, M., RUBIERA-MOROLLON, F. and PEREZ-GLADISH, M. (2021), ‘Ranking residential locations based on neighborhood sustainability and family profile’, International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 28 (1), pp. 49–63.https://doi.org/10.1080/13504509.2020.1778581

REYNAUD, J-P. and SIMON, A. (2016), Lyon, une agglomeration de dimension européenne, INSEE, 23.

RIVERO SANTOS, A. M. (2017), ‘Contributions of Social Currencies to Alternative Short Food Supply Chains’, Urban Agriculture & Regional Food Systems, 2 (1), pp. 1–15. https://doi.org/10.2134/urbanag2016.07.0005

ROLLAND, L. (2014), ‘Commerce équitable et politiques urbaines de développement durable’, Géoconfluences. http://geoconfluences.ens-lyon.fr/informations-scientifiques/dossiers-thematiques/developpement-durable-approches-geographiques/articles-scientifiques/commerce-equitable-et-politiques-urbaines-de-developpement-durable

SMIT, A. J. (2011), ‘The Influence of District Visual Quality on Location Decisions of Creative Entrepreneurs’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 77 (2), pp. 167–184. https://doi.org/10.1080/01944363.2011.567924

TORRE, A. (2018), ‘Développement territorial et relations de proximité’, Revue d’Économie Régionale & Urbaine, 5–6, pp. 1043–1075. https://doi.org/10.3917/reru.185.1043

YIGITCANLAR, T., KAMRUZZAMAN, Md. and TERIMAN S. (2015), ‘Neighborhood Sustainability Assessment: Evaluating Residential Development Sustainability in a Developing Country Context’, Sustainability, 7 (3), pp. 2570–2602. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7032570

First Page


Last Page