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Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

Abstract

This review article provides an overview on adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) for implications in bone tissue regeneration. Firstly this article focuses on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) which are object of interest in regenerative medicine. Stem cells have unlimited potential for self-renewal and develop into various cell types. They are used for many therapies such as bone tissue regeneration. Adipose tissue is one of the main sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Regenerative medicine intends to differentiate ADSC along specific lineage pathways to effect repair of damaged or failing organs. For further clinical applications it is necessary to understand mechanisms involved in ADSCs proliferation and differentiation. Second part of manuscript based on osteogenesis differentiation of stem cells. Bones are highly regenerative organs but there are still many problems with therapy of large bone defects. Sometimes there is necessary to make a replacement or expansion new bone tissue. Stem cells might be a good solution for this especially ADSCs which manage differentiate into osteoblast in in vitro and in vivo conditions.

Polish Abstract

Komórki macierzyste to komórki posiadające zdolność nieograniczonych podziałów oraz umiejętność do wielokierunkowego różnicowania. Mezenchymalne komórki macierzyste (MSC) to somatyczne komórki występujące w tkankach i narządach dorosłego organizmu takich jak: szpik kostny, tkanka tłuszczowa oraz mięśnie. Ulegają one różnicowaniu w kierunku komórek pochodzących z jednego listka zarodkowego jakim jest mezoderma. To pozwala na wykorzystanie ich w regeneracji chrząstki, kości lub wypełnienia ubytków tkanką tłuszczowa między innymi w chirurgi plastycznej. Obecnie głównym źródłem z którego pozyskiwano MSC był szpik kostny, jednak coraz szersze zastosowanie wykazuje tkanka tłuszczowa. Komórki z niej pochodzące wykazują takie same właściwości jak te pochodzące z szpiku kostnego, a procedura izolacji jest dużo mniej inwazyjna dla pacjenta. Bardzo często natomiast ich ilość jest nieporównywanie większa. Stąd też niniejsza praca porusza temat wykorzystania MSC z tkanki tłuszczowej w regeneracji tkanki kostnej.

Keywords

mesenchymal stem cells, regenerative medicine, adipose tissue

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