International Studies: Interdisciplinary Cultural and Political Journal


This paper explains various strategies of contemporary Islamists extremism in Europe. The author identifies the most important variants of Islamist extremism and deals with their goals and with strategic approaches how to achieve these goals. Quasi-legalist strategies as well as violent forms of interest-empowerment are described. The author uses sources from various Islamist organizations and analyses these materials within the framework of modern insurgency. A comprehensive outlook and threat assessment of Islamist extremist strategies are included in this article.


Islamist Extremist, strategy, Europe, political violence, Insurgency


Al-Suri, Abu Mus´ab. “The Jihadi Experiences. The Most Important Enemy Targets Aimed by the Individual Jihad.” Inspire. 9, (2012): 23-24.

Al-Tamimi, Azmenn, Jawaad. “The Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham’s Messages and Self-Presentation in Syria and Iraq.” Jihadology. 2013. Web 20 February 2015 http://jihadology.net/2013/09/09/musings-of-an-iraqi-brasenostril-on-jihad-the-islamic-state-of-iraq-and-ash-shams-messages-and-selfpresentation-in-syria-and-iraq/

Behnam, Said. “Salafismus – ein deutscher Extremismus.” SIAK – Journal – Zeitschrift für Polizeiwissenschaft und polizeiliche Praxis 9. 1. (2013): 19-32 http://www.bmi.gv.at/cms/BMI_SIAK/4/2/1/2013/ausgabe_1/files/Said_1_2013.pdf

Bötticher, Astrid – Mares, Miroslav. Extremismus – Theorien – Konzepte – Formen. München: Oldenbourg Verlag, 2012.

Brachman, Jarret M. Global Jihadism. London and New York: Routledge, 2009.

Burr, J. Millard, Collins, Robert O. Alms for Jihad. Charity and Terrorism in the Islamic World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Centrum strategických studií.: “Hrozí v Evropě islámská městská guerilla?” Revue politika. 2005 http://www.revuepolitika.cz/clanky/620/hrozi-v-evrope-islamska-mestska-guerilla

Collins, John M. Military Strategy. Principles, Practices, and Historical Perspectives. Dulles: Brasseys Inc, 2002.

Deutsche Polizeigewerkschaft. Keine Entwarnung bei Scharia-Polizei. PolGBundesleitung. 2014. http://dpolg-bremen.de/page7/files/Sharia.pdf

Gemein, Gisbert, and Redmer, Hartmut. Islamischer Fundamentalismus. Münster: Aschendorf Verlag, 2005.

Islam Net. It’s Not the “Radical Shaykh’” it’s Islam – Fahad Qureshi. 19 May 2013 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bV710c1dgpU

Jesse, Eckhard – Thieme, Tom: “Extremismus in den EU Staaten. Theoretische und konzeptionelle Grundlagen.” Extremismus in den EU-Staaten. Eds. Eckhard Jesse and Tom Thieme. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenshcaften, 2011.

Klausen, Jytte. The Islamic Challenge. Politics and Religion in Western Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Kraus, Josef. Íránský státní terorismus. Od Chomejního po Ahmadínežáda. Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2014.

Levitt, Matthew. Hizballah and the Qods Force in Iran´s Shadow war with the West. Washington: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2013 http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/uploads/Documents/pubs/PolicyFocus123.pdf

Lewis, M. W. “The Islamic State’s Aspirational Map?” GeoCurrents. Web 20 February 2015 http://www.geocurrents.info/geopolitics/self-declared-statesgeopolitics/islamic-states-aspirational-map

Mareš, Miroslav. “Strategies for Creating Insurgencies and Civil Wars in Europe: From Violent Extremism to Paramilitary Conflicts?“ Jindal Journal of International Affairs, 2. 1. (2012): 90-119 http://www.jsia.edu.in/JJIA/PDF/Miroslav-StrategiesforCreating.pdf

Merari, Ariel. “Terrorism as a Strategy of Insurgency.” Terrrorism and Political Violence 5. 4. (1993): 213-251.

Nesser, Petter. “Ideologies of Jihad in Europe.” Terrrorism and Political Violence. 23. 2. (2011): 213-251.

O´Neill, Bard E. Insurgency & Terrorism. From Revolution to Apocalypse. Washington: Potomac Books, 2005.

Ranstorp, Magnus and Hyllengren, Peder. Prevention of violent extremism in third countries: Measures to prevent individuals joining armed extremist groups in conflict zones. Stockholm: Swedish National Defence College, 2013.

Raschke, Joachim and Tils, Ralf. Politische Strategie. Eine Grundlegung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2007.

Schmid, Alex P. Violent and Non-Violent Extremism. Two Sides of the Same Coin? The Hague: The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, 2014 http://www.trackingterrorism.org/sites/default/files/chatter/ICCT-Schmid-Violent-Non-Violent-Extremism-May-2014_0.pdf

Stand for Peace: Islamic Relief Worldwide. London: Stand for Peace. 2013 http://standforpeace.org.uk/wpcontent/uploads/2013/07/Islamic-Relief2.pdf

Vertigans, Stephen. Militant Islam. A sociology of characteristics, causes and consequences. London, New York: Routledge, 2009.

Verfassungsschutz Nordrhein-Westfalen. Extremistischer Salafismus: Ursachen, Gefahren und Gegenstrategien. Düsseldorf: Ministerium für Inneres und Kommunales des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, 2014. http://www.mik.nrw.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Redakteure/Verfassungsschutz/Dokumente/Broschueren/Extremistischer_Salafismus_Dez2014.pdf

First Page


Last Page