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International Studies: Interdisciplinary Cultural and Political Journal

Abstract

The article examines the position of Russians in Estonia and their relation with ethnic Estonians. The author analyzes models of the society integration introduced by Tallinn after 1991. The results raise questions regarding language education in Estonia, the proficiency level of Estonian is getting widely known by Russians, but on the other hand, there is still a significant part of the population that cannot communicate in Estonian. Those who have a good command of Estonian tend to be better integrated and to coexist with both Estonians and Russians. Russians living in Estonia are supposed to be equally involved in social and political life of the state. The potential of all residents has to be effectively and considerably used, especially when the number of population is decreasing. The position of Russians in Estonia is a major domestic and bilateral issue in the relations with the Russian Federation.

Keywords

Russians in Estonia, integration programs, language education in Estonia, Estonian society, Estonia after 1991, division of the Estonian society, democracy in Estonia

References

Aptekar S., Countries to Ireland Contexts of Exit in the Migration of Russian Speakers from the Baltic, “Ethnicities” 9(4), 2009, 507–526.

Barany Z., Moser R. (Eds.), Ethnic politics after communism, New York: Cornell University Press 2005.

Best M., The ethnic Russian minority: A problematic issue in the Baltic States, “Verges: Germanic & Slavic Studies in Review”, 2(1), 2013, 33–41.

Brosing M., A plan for the future? The Estonian State Integration Program on National Minirities 2000–2007, “Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe”, 7(2), (2008). 1–19.

Development Plan for the Estonian Language 2011–2017, Tallinn: Estonian Language Foundation, 2011.

Estonian Foreign Languages Strategy 2009–2015, Tallinn: The Minister of Education and Research, 2008.

Estonian Integration Strategy 2008–2013, Tallinn 2008.

Laitin D.D., Three Models of Integration: And the Estonian/Russian Reality, “Journal of Baltic Studies”, 34(2), 2003, 197–222, http://www.osce.org/hcnm

First Page

153

Last Page

164

Language

eng

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