Close to the time of Elizabeth’s expulsion of the Hanseatic merchants and the closing of the Steelyard (der Stahlhof) in the years 1597-98, two London plays engaged extensively with the business of trade, the merchant class, foreign merchants, and moneylending: early modern England’s first city comedy, William Haughton’s Englishmen for My Money, or A Woman Will Have Her Will (1598); and Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice (registered 22 July 1598). Whereas Haughton’s play uses foreignness, embodied in a foreign merchant, three half-English daughters, and three foreign suitors, as a means of promoting national consciousness and pride, Shakespeare indirectly uses the foreign not to unify but to reveal the divisions within England’s own economic values and culture.


economic, nationalism, Shakespeare, William Haughton, Steelyard, Queen Elizabeth, „The Merchant of Venice”, „Englishmen for My Money”, satisfaction, contentment, usury, interest


Adelman, Janet. Blood Relations: Christian and Jew in The Merchant of Venice. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Auden, W. H. The Dyer’s Hand and Other Essays. New York: Vintage Books, 1968.

Bartolovich, Crystal. “London’s the Thing: Alienation, the Market, and Englishmen for My Money.” Huntington Library Quarterly 71 (2008): 137-56.

Cohen, Walter. Drama of a Nation: Public Theater in Renaissance England and Spain. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Coryat, Thomas. Coryat’s Crudities. Vol. 1. Glasgow: James MacLehose and Sons, 1905.

Gillies, John. Shakespeare and the Geography of Difference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Greenfeld, Liah. The Spirit of Capitalism: Nationalism and Economic Growth. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Gross, John. Shylock: A Legend and Its Legacy. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992.

Harris, Jonathan Gil. Sick Economies: Drama, Mercantilism, and Disease in Shakespeare’s England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Hoenselaars, A. J. Images of Englishmen and Foreigners in the Drama of Shakespeare and His Contemporaries: A Study of Stage Characters and National Identity in English Renaissance Drama, 1558-1642. London and Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1992.

Howard, Jean. The Theater of a City: The Places of London Comedy, 1598-1642. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.

Kermode, Lloyd Edward. Three Renaissance Usury Plays. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009.

Leinwand, Theodore. The City Staged: Jacobean Comedy, 1603-13. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1986.

Levine, Nina. “Extending Credit in the Henry IV Plays.” Shakespeare Quarterly 51 (2000): 403-431.

Matei-Chesnoiu, Monica. Geoparsing Early Modern English Drama. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Pauli, Reinhold, ed. Drei volkswirthschaftliche Denschriften aus der Zeit Heinrichs VIII von England. Göttingen: Dieterichschen Verlags-Buchhandlung, 1878.

Shapiro, James. Shakespeare and the Jews. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

Smith, Emma. “‘So much English by the Mother’: Gender, Foreigners, and the Mother Tongue in William Haughton’s Englishmen for My Money.” Medieval and Renaissance Drama in England 13 (2001): 165-81.

Stewart, Alan. “‘Euery Soyle to Mee is Naturall’: Figuring Denization in William Haughton’s Englishmen for My Money.” Renaissance Drama N.S. 35 (2006): 55-81.

Williams, C. H., ed. English Historical Documents. Vol. 5. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967.

First Page


Last Page