Recent Shakespearean productions, just like current European crises, have highlighted the exclusionary nature of European identity. In defining the scope of this special issue, the aim of this introduction is to shift the study of Shakespeare in/and Europe away from the ideological field of “unity within diversity” and its attendant politics of negotiation and mediation. Instead, it investigates whether re-situating Shakespearean analysis within regimes of exclusionary politics and group conflict attitudes helps to generate dynamic cultural and social understandings. To what effect is Shakespeare’s work invoked in relation with the tensions inherent in European societies? Can such invocations encourage reflections on Europe as a social, political and/or cultural entity? Is it possible to conceptualize Shakespearean drama as offering an effective instrument that connects―or not―the voices of the people of Europe?
Group conflict, Exclusion, Europe, Politics, History, Religion, Social, Reception
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso, 2006.
Archer, John Michael. Citizen Shakespeare: Freemen and Aliens in the Language of the Plays. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
Blalock, Hubert. Toward a Theory of Minority-Group Relations. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1967.
Bosniak, Linda. The Citizen and the Alien: Dilemmas of Contemporary Membership. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.
Bradshaw, Graham, Tom Bishop, Ton Hoenselaars and Clara Calvo, eds. The Shakespearean International Yearbook 8: Special Section, European Shakespeares. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008.
Brennan, Michael. “English Contact with Europe.” Shakespeare and Renaissance Europe. Eds. Andrew Hadfield and Paul Hammond. London: Bloomsbury, 2004. 53-97.
Bruter, Michael. Citizens of Europe? The Emergence of a Mass European Identity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
Carroll, Rory. “Brexit is a ‘Huge Help’ to Irish Republicanism, Says Dissident Leader.” The Guardian 6 March 2019. 6 March 2019. .
Cavecchi, Mariachristina and Mariangela Tempera, eds. EuroShakespeares: Exploring Cultural Practice in an International Context. Bologna: Cotepra, 2002.
Cianci, Giovanni and Caroline Patey. Will the Modernist: Shakespeare and the European Historical Avant-Gardes. Oxford: Peter Lang, 2014.
Cinpoeş, Nicoleta and Janice Valls-Russell, eds. Europe’s Shakespeare(s): A Special Issue. Cahiers Élisabéthains 96 (2018).
“City Freedoms.” City of London. 7 July 2016. 15 October 2018. .
Coenders, Marcel and Peer Scheepers. “Changes in Resistance to the Social Integration of Foreigners in Germany 1980-2000: Individual and Contextual Determinants.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 34.1 (2008): 1-26.
Coenders, Marcel and Peer Scheepers. “Support for Ethnic Discrimination in the Netherlands 1979-1993: Effects of Period, Cohort, and Individual Characteristics.” European Sociological Review 14.4 (1998): 405-422.
Commissioner for Human Rights. “European Countries’ Migration and Asylum Policies Have Been Disastrous.” Council of Europe. 10 December 2015. 5 December 2018. .
Davies, Norman. Europe. A History. London: Pimlico, 1997.
De Dreu, Carsten K.W., Hillie Aaldering and Ozum Saygi. “Intergroup Conflict and Negotiating Settlement.” Social Conflict within and between Groups. Ed. Carsten K.W. De Dreu. London: Psychology Press, 2014.
Delabastita, Dirk and Lieven d’Hulst. European Shakespeares Translating Shakespeare in the Romantic Age. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, 1993.
Delabastita, Dirk, Jozef de Vos and Paul Franssen, eds. Shakespeare and European Politics. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2008.
Delisle, Jean and Judith Woodsworth. Translators through History. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2012.
Dente, Carla and Sara Soncini. Crossing Time and Space: Shakespeare Translations in Present-Day Europe. Pisa: Pisa University Press, 2008.
Dente, Carla and Sara Soncini, eds. Shakespeare and Conflict: A European Perspective. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
Dinan, Desmond, Neill Nugent and William E. Paterson, eds. “A Multi-dimensional Crisis.” The European Union in Crisis. Eds. Desmond Dinan, Neill Nugent and William E. Paterson. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2017. 1-15
Doran, Susan. “The Politics of Renaissance Europe.” Shakespeare and Renaissance Europe. Eds. Andrew Hadfield and Paul Hammond. London: Bloomsbury, 2004. 21-52.
Drábek, Pavel and Margaret Katritzky. “Shakespearean Players in Early Modern Europe.” The Cambridge Guide to the Worlds of Shakespeare, Vol 2. Ed. Smith, Bruce. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016. 1527-1533.
Everett, Barbara. “‘Spanish’ Othello: The Making of Shakespeare’s Moor.” Shakespeare and Race. Eds. Catherine M.S. Alexander and Stanley Wells. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000. 64-81.
Feldman, Max L. “Our New National Imaginary: Wholesome English Militarism From Crécy to the Blitz and Brexit.” Verso. 2 September 2018. 10 September 2018. .
Frey, Charles. “The Tempest and the New World.” Shakespeare Quarterly 30.1 (1979): 29-41.
Gibińska, Marta and Agnieszka Romanowska. Shakespeare in Europe History and Memory. Kraków: Jagiellonian University Press, 2008.
Gregor, Keith. Shakespeare and Tyranny: Regimes of Reading in Europe and Beyond. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.
Guntner, Lawrence. Special Issue on Shakespeare and Europe: History, Performance, Memory. Multicultural Shakespeare: Translation, Appropriation and Performance 4 (2007).
Hadfield, Andrew. “Shakespeare and Renaissance Europe.” Shakespeare and Renaissance Europe. Eds. Andrew Hadfield and Paul Hammond. London: Bloomsbury, 2004. 1-20.
Hadfield, Andrew. “Shakespeare, John Derricke and Ireland: The Comedy of Errors, III.ii.105-6.” Notes and Queries 242 (1997): 53-4.
Höfele, Andreas and Werner Von Koppenfels. Renaissance Go-Betweens Cultural Exchange in Early Modern Europe. Berlin: Walter De Gruyter, 2005.
Holderness, Graham. “Preface: ‘All This’.” The Shakespeare Myth. Ed. Graham Holderness. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988. xi-xvi.
Holland, Peter. “Touring Shakespeare.” The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare on Stage. Eds. Stanley Wells and Sarah Stanton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. 194-211.
Homem, Rui Carvalho. “On Shakespeare, Europe and Its Others.” Cahiers Élisabéthains: A Journal of English Renaissance Studies 96.1 (2018): 3-6.
Howard, Jean E. “Shakespeare, Geography, and the Work of Genre on the Early Modern Stage.” Modern Language Quarterly 64.3 (2003): 299-322.
“How the Tudor Dynasty Shaped Modern Britain.” iWonder. BBC. 4 January 2019. .
Jordana, Jacint and David Levi-Faur. “The Politics of Regulation in the Age of Governance.” The Politics of Regulation. Eds. Jacint Jordana and David Levi-Faur. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2004. 1-28.
Joughin, John J. Shakespeare, National Culture, and the Lure of Transnationalism. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997.
Kennedy, Dennis. “Shakespeare without his Language.” Shakespeare, Theory, and Performance. Ed. James C. Bulman. London and New York: Routledge, 1996. 136-137.
Kerr, Gordon. A Short History of Europe From Charlemagne to the Treaty of Lisbon. Harpenden: Pocket Essentials, 2010.
Kivisto, Peter. “Diversity and the Eurosphere.” Ethnicities 14.4 (2014): 577-591.
Kostihová, Marcela. Shakespeare in Transition Political Appropriations in the Postcommunist Czech Republic. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Kraus, Peter A. and Giuseppe Sciortino. “The Diversities of Europe: From European Modernity to the Making of the European Union.” Ethnicities 14.4 (2014): 485-497.
Lambert, Ladina Bezzola and Balz Engler. Shifting the Scene: Shakespeare in European Culture. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2004.
Laroque, François. “Shakespeare’s Imaginary Geography.” Shakespeare and Renaissance Europe. Eds. Andrew Hadfield and Paul Hammond. London: Bloomsbury, 2004. 193-219.
Less, Timothy. “The Great Schism that Could Pull the EU Apart.” New Statesman 17 October 2018. 22 November 2018. .
Levi-Faur, David and Jacint Jordana. “Globalising Regulatory Capitalism The Making of a New Regulatory Order.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 598 (2005): 12-32.
Liddle, Roger. The Europe Dilemma. Britain and the Drama of EU Integration. London: I. B. Tauris, 2014.
Lindfors, Bernth. Ira Aldridge: Performing Shakespeare in Europe, 1852-1855. Vol. 59. Boydell and Brewer: University of Rochester Press, 2013.
Mancewicz, Aneta. “Performing Shakespeare in Europe.” Literature Compass 13.11 (2016): 711-723.
Martill, Benjamin and Uta Staiger, eds. Brexit and Beyond. Rethinking the Futures of Europe. London: UCL, 2018.
Martineau, Jane. Shakespeare in Art. London: Merrell, 2003.
Muňoz-Valdivieso, Sofia. “Shakespearean Intertexts and European Identities in Contemporary Black British Fiction.” Changing English 19.4 (2012): 459-469.
Nicolaescu, Madalina. “Introducing Shakespeare to the Fringes of Europe: The First Romanian Performance of The Merchant of Venice.” Sederi 27 (2017): 129-148.
Olzak, Susan. The Dynamics of Ethnic Competition and Conflict. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 1992.
Orkin, Martin. “Shifting Shakespeare.” Pmla 118.1 (2003): 134-136.
Orlich, Ileana Alexandra. Dramatic and Literary Transcreations. New York: Central European University Press, 2016.
Pfister, Manfred. “Europa/Europe: Myths and Muddles.” Myths of Europe. Eds. Richard Littlejohns and Soncini, Sara. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2007.
Quillian, Lincoln. “Group Threat and Regional Change in Attitudes Toward African-Americans.” American Journal of Sociology 102.3 (1996): 816-860.
Ruiz-Vieytez, Eduardo J. United in Diversity?: On Cultural Diversity, Democracy and Human Rights. Oxford: Peter Lang, 2014.
Scheepers, Peer, Mrove Gijsberts and Marcel Coenders. “Ethnic Exclusionism in European Countries. Public Opposition to Civil Rights for Legal Migrants as a Response to Perceived Ethnic Threat.” European Sociological Review 18.1 (2002): 17-34.
Schneider, Florian. “‘Which Is the Merchant Here? and Which the Jew?’” Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte 90.2 (2016): 161-210.
Schneider, Silke L. “Anti-immigrant Attitudes in Europe: Outgroup Size and Perceived Ethnic Threat.” European Sociological Review 24.1 (2008): 53-67.
Schwyzer, Philip. Nationalism in the Renaissance. Oxford: Oxford Handbooks Online, 2006.
Semyonov, Moshe, Rebeca Raijman and Anastasia Gorodzeisky. “The Rise of Antiforeigner Sentiment in European Societies, 1988-2000.” American Sociological Review 71.3 (2006): 426-449.
Semyonov, Moshe, Rebeca Raijman and Anastasia Gorodzeisky. “Foreigners’ Impact on European Societies. Public Views and Perceptions in a Cross-national Comparative Perspective.” International Journal of Comparative Sociology 49.1 (2008): 5-29.
“Shakespeare élu le plus grand dramaturge européen.” Arte. 25 September 2008. 13 October 2008. .
Shapiro, James. Shakespeare and the Jews. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.
Sheen, Erica and Isabel Karremann, eds. Shakespeare in Cold War Europe: Conflict, Commemoration, Celebration. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.
Shevtsova, Maria. “Political Theatre in Europe East to West, 2007-2014.” New Theatre Quarterly 32.2 (2016): 142-156.
Shurbanov, Aleksander and Boika Sokolova. Painting Shakespeare Red: An East European Appropriation. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2001.
Simmons, Adam. “Uncovering the African Presence in Medieval Europe.” The Public Medievalist. 27 April 2017. 3 December 2018. .
Stokes, John. Shakespeare in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2012.
Stríbrný, Zdenek. Shakespeare and Eastern Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Talawa. “Talawa Theatre: Challenging Stereotypes About Shakespeare.” The Space. 1 May 2016. 13 October 2018. .
Thomas, Alfred. Shakespeare, Dissent and the Cold War. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
Trichet, Jean-Claude. “Presidential Lecture.” Center for Financial Studies, Frankfurt. 16 March 2009. 15 October 2018. .
Vaughan, Alden T. and Virginia Mason Vaughan. Shakespeare's Caliban: A Cultural History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Vos, Jozef De. Shakespeare's Early Reception in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.
Wells, Stanley, Luis A. Pujante and Ton Hoenselaars, eds. Four Hundred Years of Shakespeare in Europe. London: Associated University Presses, 2003.
Willis, Deborah. “Shakespeare’s Tempest and the Discourse of Colonialism.” Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 29.2 (1989): 277-89.
Wymer, Rowland. “The Tempest and the Origins of Britain.” Critical Survey 11.1 (1999): 3-14.