Publication Ethics Statement

The Editorial Board of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych is committed to provide the highest ethical standards at every stage of the publishing procedure. Journal is a member of the Board on Publication Ethics (COPE) and strictly follows the rules of that organisation. The review process in Przegląd Nauk Historycznych is arranged by double blind system. Every text is subject to at least two reviews.

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Author Responsibilities

Reporting standards: authors reporting results of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussionof its significance. The underlying data should be represented accurately in the manuscript. The paper should contain sufficient details and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.

Originality and Plagiarism: authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, they should ensure that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism, data manufacturing and data falsification are inacceptable.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publications: in general, authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Parallel submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable. Such texts will not be published in Przegląd Nauk Historycznych.

Acknowledgement of sources: appropriate acknowledgement of the work of others must be given at all times. Authors should also cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of the manuscript: authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be named in the “Acknowledgements” section.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the author’s list of the manuscript, and that all co-authors have seen and approved of the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and human or animal subjects: if the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the must clearly identify these in the manuscript.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest: it takes place when the author has a financial, commercial, legal, or professional relationship with other organizations whichcould influence his research. This is why all authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works: when the discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal’s editor or publisher and cooperate with them in order to either retract the paper or to publish an appropriate erratum.

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Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Board Responsibilities

Accountability: the Editorial Board of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych, and its Editor-in-Chief in person, are responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published, and, moreover, are accountable for everything published in the journal. In making these decisions, the Board may be guided by the policies of the journal’s Editorial Board and is guided by the legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Board may confer with other editors or reviewers when making publication decisions. The Board should maintain the integrity of the academic record, preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards, and always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed. As the head of the Editorial Board, the Editor-in-Chief has final decision on every stage of the procedure and he/she bears personal responsibility for every decision taken by the Board.

Thus, all the below mentioned rules are obligatory to the whole Editorial Board and to the Editor-in-Chief in particular.

Fairness: the Editorial Board of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych should evaluate manuscripts for intellectual content without regard to race, age, gender, sexual orientation/identity, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, academic position or degree, or political philosophy of the author(s). The Board will not disclose any information about an author to anyone. Identity of author is not revealed to the reviewer until the publication.

Confidentiality: the editor and any editorial staff of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers (these shall be informed only about the title, length of the text and the abstract), other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure, conflicts of interest, and other issues: the Editorial Board of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych will be guided by COPE’s Guidelines for Retracting Articles when considering retracting, issuing expressions of concern about, and issuing corrections pertaining to articles that have been published.

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.

The editor of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych is committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.

The Editorial Board of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych should seek to ensure a fair and appropriate peer review process. Editors should recuse themselves (i.e. should ask other member of the Editorial Board or Editorial Council to review and consider the manuscript) from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the papers. Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate action should be taken, such as the publication of a retraction or expression of concern.

Involvement and cooperation in investigations: the Editorial Board of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych should guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct. The Board should pursue reviewer and editorial misconduct. It should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper. If needed, the Board is always willing to publish the appropriate corrections, clarifications or apologies.

Rejection of the text: the Editorial Board of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych refuse to publish the text if:

  • it does not match the profile of the journal,
  • it constitutes plagiarism or violate the copyright,
  • it lacks the adequate academic professionalism or bears clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error),
  • the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication),
  • it was not altered or corrected by the author(s) in accordance with the suggestions of the reviewers.

The author is officially informed by the Editorial Board if the text is not accepted due to the aforementioned reasons. Information should indicate the precise reasons of refusal.

Editors and editorial team members are excluded from publication decisions when they are authors or have contributed to a manuscript.

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Reviewer Responsibilities

Contribution to editorial decisions: peer review assists the Editorial Board of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych in making editorial decisions and, through the editorial communication with the author, may also assist the author in improving the manuscript.

Promptness: any invited referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its timely review will be impossible should immediately notify the Board of Przegląd Nauk Historycznych so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.

Confidentiality: any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except if authorized by the editor.

Standards of objectivity: reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable. Referees should express their views clearly with appropriate supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources: reviewers should identify any relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument was previously reported should be accompanied by a relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published data of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflict of interest: privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider evaluating manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the submission.

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Publisher Responsibilities

Concerns & complaints: anyone who notices any violations of the rules specified above or any unnoticed example of unethical behaviour, fraudulent research or misconduct is kindly askedto contact to the Editorial Board and Editor in Chief immediately: przeglad@uni.lodz.pl

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