General aim of the article is to show city in Julian Tuwim’s poetry oppositely to older perspectives. Mostly critics write about his poems that they contain images of urban life and reflections of sociocultural change. I invert this traditional order and try to prove that city is created and seen by new ways of thinking – that the city is modified (not poetics first). I use Michele Certeau’s ideas, because they are similar to Tuwim’s literary praxis. Certau writes about “walking in the city” creating by language (rhetorical devices named synecdoche and asyndeton). Moreover, Certeau describes three types of “spatial requirements”: creating own space, non-time instead of tradition and appearing of new subject (common and anonymous). Reading Tuwim with Certeau’s theses gives a new look into modern city and his literary representations.


Julian Tuwim, Michele de Certeau, Tuwim’s poetry


Certeau Michel de, L’ invention du quotidien, vol. 1: Arts de faire, Union Générale d’Éditions, Paris 1980.

Certeau Michel de, Wynaleźć codzienność. Sztuki działania, tranlsated by K. Thiel-Jańczuk, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Cracow 2008.

Giddens Anthony, Nowoczesność i tożsamość. “Ja” i społeczeństwo w epoce późnej nowoczesności, translated by A. Szulżycka, PWN, Warsaw 2010.

Skwara Marta, Polski Whitman. O funkcjonowaniu poety obcego w kulturze narodowej, Universitas, Cracow 2010.

Tokarz Bożena, Mit literacki. Od mitu rzeczywistości do zmiany substancji poetyckiej, Śląsk, Katowice 1983.

Tuwim Julian, Wiersze zebrane, vol. 1–2, Czytelnik, Warsaw 1975.

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