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Acta Universitatis Lodziensis Folia Litteraria Polonica

Abstract

The main goal of the article is to offer a description of cryptotexts of theatre staging handbooks and dramatic works created in Poland during the socialist realism period. A cryptotext is a secret text which is the result of a purposeful act of subterfuge. In the article, I present selected cryptotexts – reviews produced in the Ministry of Culture and Art (MKiS) and censorship reviews of the dramatic works submitted for evaluation to the Voivodship Control Bureau for Press, Main Office of Control of Press, Publications and Shows (WUKPPiW).
The archives contain evaluation of works which have been published in subsequent years as well as those which remained only in their draft form. Analysis of the evaluations of ministry officials reveal the mechanisms for allowing and withholding submitted dramatic works and a theatre staging handbook which shows the practices of publishing theatrical works.
An analysis of different evaluations of the same text allows for a hypothesis that the main aim of cryptotexts was the evaluation of ideological correctness of submitted works. Despite this main function it is possible to point out specific passages in the statements by the WUKPPiW officials which are similar to statements of Ministry officials. In both cases the evaluation pertains to the content and the planned fulfilment of the work and plays mainly a didactic function.

Keywords

censorship, cryptotext, post-war Polish theatre and drama

References

AAN, MKiS, Dept. of Art. Creativity, Publishing Div., ref. no. 705.

Chojnacki Władysław, Chojnacki Wojciech [pseud. Kamińska Józefa], Bibliografia publikacji podziemnych w Polsce 13 XII 1981–VI 1986, Editions Spotkania, Paris 1988.

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Frycie Stanisław, Literatura dla dzieci i młodzieży w latach 1945–1970. Zarys monograficzny. Materiały. Tom I – Proza, wyd. 3, WSiP, Warsaw 1987.

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J. of L. O.G. 1949 No. 77 Item 955, the Order of the Minister of Culture and Arts of 8 September 1949 on the creation of a state company under the name of the Central Directorate for Theatres, Operas and Philharmonics; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WMP19490770955+1950%2403%2401&min=1 [accessed on: 1.05.2016].

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Słownik realizmu socjalistycznego, Z. Łapiński, W. Tomasik (eds.), TAiWPN Universitas, Cracow, 2004.

Wiśniewska-Grabarczyk Anna, Recenzja cenzorska Polski Ludowej, “Zagadnienia Rodzajów Literackich” 2016, issue 59 (117), vol. 1, pp. 97–103.

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Słownik realizmu socjalistycznego, Z. Łapiński, W. Tomasik (eds.), TAiWPN Universitas, Cracow 2004.

First Page

73

Last Page

84

Language

eng

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