https://doi.org/10.2478/rela-2018-0005">
  •  
  •  
 

Research in Language

Abstract

Corpora provide teachers and materials developers with the ability to ensure that the instructions they use in class and in teaching materials correctly reflect natural use. This paper examines the ways in which grammar reference books and two types of EFL/ESL materials present the past perfect aspect and whether they do so accurately. It will be argued that there are several issues concerning how these books present the grammar point. Many of the books surveyed provide incomplete explanations of when and how the form is used and several contain usage guidelines that are not supported by available corpus data. The paper ends with several recommendations to improve how the form is presented to teachers and learners.

Keywords

corpus, ESL, EFL, materials, past, perfect

References

Alexander, Louis G. 1988. Longman English Grammar. Essex: Longman.

Azar, Betty and Stacey Hagen. 2009. Understanding and Using English Grammar. 4th edn. New York: Pearson.

BBC NEWS. 2011. Ai Weiwei China tax bill paid by supporters. [Online] Available from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15616576 [Accessed November 2011].

Barbieri, Federica and Suzanne E. B. Eckhardt. 2007. Applying corpus-based findings to form-focused instruction: The case of reported speech. Language Teaching Research 11 (3). 319-346.

Biber, Douglas and Susan. Conrad. 2001. Quantitative corpus-based research: Much more than bean counting. TESOL Quarterly 35 (2). 331-336.

Biber, Douglas and Randi Reppen. 2002. What does frequency have to do with grammar teaching? Studies in Second Language Acquisition 24 (2). 199-208.

Biber, Douglas et al. 1999. The Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman.

Carter, Ronald and Michael McCarthy. 2006. Cambridge Grammar of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cecle-Murcia, Marianne. 1998. How discourse helps us understand grammar more fully: The past perfect. MEXTESOL Journal 22 (2). 11-16.

Cecle-Murcia, Marianne and Diana Larsen-Freeman. 1999. The Grammar Book. 2nd edn. Heinle & Heinle.

Conrad, Susan. 2000. Will corpus linguistics revolutionize grammar teaching in the 21st century?

TESOL Quarterly 34 (3). 548-560.

Cunningham, Sarah, Moor, Peter and Jonathan Bygrave. 2013. Cutting Edge Intermediate. 3rd edn. Harlow: Pearson.

Cunningham, Sarah, Moor, Peter and Araminta Crace. 2013. Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate 3rd edn. Harlow: Pearson.

Davies, Mark. 2004. BYU-BNC. [Online] Available from http://corpus.byu.edu/bnc/ [Accessed February 2016].

Davies, Mark. 2008. The Corpus of Contemporary American English. [Online] Available from http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/ [Accessed February 2016].

Davies, Mark. 2011. The Google Books (American English) Corpus. [Online] Available from http://googlebooks.byu.edu/ [Accessed February 2016].

DeLillo, Don. 2008. Falling Man. London: Pan Macmillan Ltd.

Downing, Angela and Philip Locke 1992. A University Course in English Grammar. Hemel Hampstead: Prentice Hill International.

Gibson, William. 2003. Pattern Recognition. New York: Berkley.

Hughes, Rebecca and Michael McCarthy. 1998. From Sentence to Discourse: Discourse Grammar and English Language Teaching. TESOL Quarterly 32 (2).

Jackson, Howard. 1990. Grammar and Meaning. London: Longman.

Liu, Dilin and Ping Jiang. 2009. Using a Corpus‐Based lexicogrammatical approach to grammar instruction in EFL and ESL contexts. The Modern Language Journal 93 (1). 61-78.

McCarthy, Michael, McCarten, Jeanne and Helen Sandiford. 2006. Touchstone 4. Cambridge: Cambridge, University Press.

Mieville, China. 2002. The Scar. [Online] New York: Tor. Available from www.amazon.co.jp. [Accessed 2nd January 2017].

Murphy, Raymond and William Smalzer. 2009. English Grammar in Use Intermediate (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Parrot, Martin. 2000. Grammar for English Language Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Quirk, Randolph et al. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language (Revised). Essex: Longman Group UK Ltd.

Richards, Jack. C. and David Bohlke. 2012. Four Corners 4 Student’s Book. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sinclair, John. (ed). 2005. Collins Cobuild English Grammar. 2nd edn. Glasgow: HarperCollins. Soars, Liz and John Soars. 2009. New Headway Intermediate. 4th edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Soars, Liz and John Soars. 2012. New Headway Pre-Intermediate. 4th edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Swan, Michael. 2005. Practical English Usage. 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thompson, Hunter S. 1970. The Kentucky Derby is Decadent and Depraved. Available from http://www.kentuckyderby.info/kentuckyderby-party.php [Accessed 7th November 2011].

Wecker, Helene. 2013. The Golem and the Jinni [Online] New York: HarperCollins. Available from www.play.google.com. [Accessed 2nd January 2017].

Willis, Dave. 2004. Collins Cobuild Intermediate English Grammar. Glasgow: HarperCollins.

Willis, Dave and Jon Wright. 2003. Collins Cobuild Elementary English Grammar. 2nd edn. Glasgow: HarperCollins.

First Page

113

Last Page

133

Language

eng

Share

COinS