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Title

Saint Methodius: Life and Canonization

Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4028-3351 Láleva Tania Dimitrova

Abstract

The article discussed the time and place of the canonization of Methodius and the difference in the treatment he received in the Roman Catholic Church and in the Bulgarian Church. The study highlights the overall distinct treatment of the two brothers while tracing the changes in the attitude to Methodius as opposed to that to Cyril in the first texts written in the Slavonic alphabet, in Bulgaria. Two canons and anonymous stichera from the service on the feast day of Methodius indicate that his disciples played a significant role for establishing the cult of Methodius. In the earlier years, there was a difference – the cult of Methodius was in the process of establishment, while Cyril had already been recognized as a saint whose cult was supported by an established tradition and whose figure had been used to support the holiness of his elder brother, later born to eternal life. The study also determines the time of the beginning of the cult of Methodius in Bulgaria at the end of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century, after the treatise On the Letters and after the translation of the Nebesa (“Heaven”) by John the Exarch in Old Bulgarian, most likely at the time of Constantine of Preslav and Clement of Ochrid.

Keywords

St. Methodius, St. Cyril, cult of saints, canonization, Bulgaria

Disciplines

History of Christianity | History of Religion | Medieval History | Medieval Studies

References

Kostić D., Bugarski episkop Konstantin – pisac službe Metodiju, “Byzantinoslavica. Revue internationale des etudes byzantines” 7, 1937/1938, p. 189–211.

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Pavić J., Staroslovenski pjesnički kanon u čast sv. Metodija i njegov autor, “Bogoslovska smotra” 24, 1936, p. 59–86.

Petkanova D., Starobălgarska literatura, vol. I, Sofija 1986.

Popov G., Službata za slavjanskija părvoučitel Metodij v Hludovija minej 156, “Старбългарска лите- ратура” / “Starobălgarska literatura” 32, 2001, p. 3–20.

Slavova T., Dobrev I., Collection of Old Bulgarian Texts, Sofija 1995.

Stančev K., Vlaevska-Stavčeva A., Ot eretik do svetec: evoljucija na metodievija obraz v zapadnata tradicija, [in:] Problemi na Kirilo-Metodievoto delo i na Bălgarskata kultura prez IX–X vek, ed. B. Velčeva, E. Dogramadžieva, S. Nikolova, G. Popov, S. Bărlieva, Sofija 2007 [= Кири- ло-методиевски студии / Kirilo-metodievski studii, 17], p. 687–701.

First Page

27

Last Page

37

Language

eng

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