Author ORCID Identifier
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6533-427X Prośniak Anna
The article discusses a vital figure in the development of modern English theatre, Thomas William Robertson, in the context of his borrowings, inspirations, translations and adaptations of the French dramatic formula pièce bien faite (well-made play). The paper gives the definition and enumerates features of the formula created with great success by the French dramatist Eugène Scribe. Presenting the figure of Thomas William Robertson, the father of theatre management and realism in Victorian theatre, the focus is placed on his adaptations of French plays and his incorporation of the formula of the well-made play and its conventional dramatic devices into his original, and most successful, plays, Society and Caste. The paper also examines the critical response to the well-made play in England and dramatists who use its formula, especially from the point of view of George Bernard Shaw, who famously called the French plays of Scribe and Victorien Sardou—“Sardoodledom.”
Thomas William Robertson, well-made play, Eugène Scribe, pièce bien faite, Shaw
Arts and Humanities | Dramatic Literature, Criticism and Theory | Playwriting | Theatre and Performance Studies | Theatre History
Cardwell, Douglas. “The Well-Made Play of Eugène Scribe.” The French Review 56.6 (1983): 876–84. Pdf.
Darbyshire, Alfred. “Robertsonian and Modern Drama.” The Art of the Victorian Stage. London: Sherratt and Hughes, 1907. 129–64. Pdf.
Donohue, Joseph. “Actor and Acting”. The Cambridge Companion to Victorian and Edwardian Theatre. Ed. Kerry Powell. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004. 17–35. Pdf. https://doi.org/10.1017/CCOL052179157X.002
Epplett, Shannon. “The Waterloo Summer of the Prince of Wales’s Theatre: New Writing, Old Friends, and Early Realism in the Victorian Theatre.” Theatre History Studies Volume 36. Ed. Sara Freman. Alabama: The U of Alabama P, 2017. 149–82. Print. https://doi.org/10.1353/ths.2017.0007
Gillespie, Patti P. “Plays: Well-Constructed and Well-Made”. Quarterly Journal of Speech 58.3 (1972): 313–21. Pdf. https://doi.org/10.1080/00335637209383128
Hudston, Sara. “Society.” Victorian Theatricals. From Menageries to Melodrama. London: Methuen, 2000. 224–79. Print. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781408164099
Jenkins, Anthony. “Domestic and Commonplace”. The Making of Victorian Drama. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991. 63–93. Pdf. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511554186.003
Mazer, Cary M. “Ibsen and the Well-Made Play.” Approaches to Teaching Ibsen’s “A Doll House.” Ed. Yvonne Shafer. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1985. 69–75. Pdf.
Meisel, Martin. Shaw and the Nineteenth-Century Theater. New York: Limelight Editions, 1984. Print.
Pemberton, T. Edgar. The Life and Writings of T. W. Robertson. London: Bentley, 1893. Pdf.
Robertson, Thomas William. “Society” and “Caste” by T. W. Robertson. Ed. T. Edgar Pemberton. London: D. C. Heath, 1905. Pdf.
Rowell, George. The Victorian Theatre 1972–1914: A Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1978. Print.
Savin, Maynard. Thomas William Robertson. His Plays and Stagecraft. Rhode Island: Brown UP, 1950. Pdf.
Shaw, George B. Our Theatres in the Nineties,Volume 1. London: Constable, 1948. Pdf.
Shaw, George B. Preface. Three Plays by Brieux. By Eugène Brieux. Ed. George B. Shaw. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1913. vii–liv. Pdf.
Shaw, George B. “Robertson Redivivus.” Dramatic Opinions and Essays. New York: Brentano’s, 1922. 228–32. Pdf.
Stanton, Stephen S. “Scribe’s Bertrand Et Raton: A Well-Made Play.” The Tulane Drama 2.1 (1957): 58–70. Print. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511554186.003
Stanton, Stephen S. “Shaw’s Debt to Scribe.” PMLA 76.5 (1961): 575–85. Pdf. https://doi.org/10.2307/460551
Taylor, John Russell. The Rise and Fall of the Well-Made Play. New York: Hill and Wang, 1967. Print.
Templeton, Joan. Shaw’s Ibsen: A Re-Appraisal. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-54044-7
“Well-made play.” The Reader’s Encyclopedia of World Drama. Ed. John Gassner and Edward Quinn. New York: Crowell, 1969. 912–13. Print.