Author ORCID Identifier
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2231-7036 Pietrzak Wit
The essay explores Paul Muldoon’s elegy for the fellow Northern Irish poet Ciaran Carson with a view to showing that “The Triumph” seeks to evoke a ground where political, cultural and religious polarities are destabilized. As the various intertextual allusions in the poem are traced, it is argued that Muldoon seeks to revise the notion of the Irish shibboleths that, as the poem puts it, “are meant to trip you up.” In lieu of this linguistic and political slipperiness, “The Triumph” situates Carson’s protean invocations of Belfast and traditional Irish music as the new shibboleths of collectivity.
Paul Muldoon, Ciaran Carson, elegy, contemporary Irish poetry
Alexander, Neal. Ciaran Carson: Space, Place, Writing. Liverpool UP, 2010. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt5vjcgf
Belton, Neil. Publisher’s Note. The Star Factory, by Ciaran Carson, Head of Zeus, 2019, pp. xiii–xx.
Borges, Jorge Luis. The Aleph and Other Stories: 1933-1969. Translated by Norman Thomas di Giovanni. Bantham, 1971.
Carson, Ciaran. Collected Poems. Wake Forest UP, 2009.
Carson, Ciaran. “Escaped from the Massacre?” The Honest Ulsterman, vol. 50, 1975, pp. 183–86.
Carson, Ciaran. Fishing for Amber. Granta, 2000.
Carson, Ciaran. “For All I Know: Ciaran Carson in Conversation with Elmer Kennedy-Andrews.” Ciaran Carson: Critical Essays, edited by Elmer Kennedy-Andrews, Four Courts P, 2009, pp. 13–27.
Carson, Ciaran. Interview by Rand Brandes. The Irish Review, no. 8, 1990, pp. 77–90.
Carson, Ciaran. Interviewed by Frank Ormsby. The Linen Hall Review, vol. 8, no. 1, 1991, pp. 5–8.
Carson, Ciaran. Interviewing Ciaran Carson: María Graciela Eliggi and María Graciela Adamoli. ABEI Journal: The Brazilian Journal of Irish Studies, vol. 11, 2009, pp. 19–23. https://doi.org/10.37389/abei.v11i0.3644
Carson, Ciaran. Irish Traditional Music. The Appletree P, 1986.
Carson, Ciaran. Last Night’s Fun. North Point P, 1998.
Carson, Ciaran. “Out of the Pub and into Qub. Nick Topping Talks to Professor Ciaran Carson.” Fortnight, no. 420, 2003, pp. 16–17.
Carson, Ciaran. The Star Factory. Head of Zeus, 2019.
Crosson, Seán. “Performance and Music in the Poetry of Ciaran Carson.” Nordic Irish Studies, vol. 3, 2004, pp. 101–11.
Edemariam, Aida. “A Life in Poetry: Ciaran Carson.” The Guardian, 17 Jan. 2009, https://www.theguardian.com/books/2009/jan/17/poetry-ciaran-carson-belfast-ireland accessed 11 Feb. 2021.
Frost, Robert. Collected Poems, Prose, and Plays. The Library of America, 1995.
Haffenden, John. Viewpoints: Poets in Conversation. Faber & Faber, 1981.
Heaney, Seamus. Opened Ground: Selected Poems 1966–1996. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999.
Holdridge, Jefferson. The Poetry of Paul Muldoon. The Liffey P, 2008.
Hufstader, Jonathan. Tongue of Water, Teeth of Stone: Northern Irish Poetry and Social Violence. The UP of Kentucky, 1999.
Longley, Edna. The Living Stream: Literature and Revisionism in Ireland. Bloodaxe, 1994.
Kendall, Tim. Paul Muldoon. Dufour Editions, 1996.
Kendall, Tim. “Paul Muldoon’s Twins.” Paul Muldoon: Poetry, Prose, Drama, edited by Elmer Kennedy-Andrews, Colin Smythe, 2006, pp. 71–84.
McCurry, Jacqueline. “‘But all the fun’s in how you say a thing’: Robert Frost and Paul Muldoon.” The Robert Frost Review, no. 8, 1998, pp. 79–92.
Muldoon, Paul. “Final Testimony to the Power of Art.” The Irish Times, 20 Oct. 2019, https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/books/paul-muldoon-on-still-life-by-ciaran-carson-final-testimony-to-the-power-of-art-1.4051200 accessed 10 May 2021.
Muldoon, Paul. Paul Muldoon in Conversation with Neil Corcoran. Paul Muldoon: Poetry, Prose, Drama, edited by Elmer Kennedy-Andrews, Colin Smythe, 2006, pp. 165–87.
Muldoon, Paul. Poems 1968-1998. Faber, 2001.
Muldoon, Paul. “The Triumph.” The Times Literary Supplement, 2 Feb. 2020, https://www.the-tls.co.uk/articles/the-triumph-paul-muldoon-poem/ accessed 25 Feb. 2021.
Obert, Julia C. Postcolonial Overtures: The Politics of Sound in Contemporary Northern Irish Poetry. Syracuse UP, 2015.
O’Brien, Sean. The Deregulated Muse: Essays on Contemporary British and Irish Poetry. Bloodaxe, 1998.
Parker, Michael. Northern Irish Literature, 1975-2006, Volume II: The Imprint of History. Palgrave, 2007.
Pound, Ezra. Literary Essays of Ezra Pound. New Directions, 1968.
Stainer, Jonathan. “The Possibility of Nonsectarian Futures: Emerging Disruptive Identities of Place in the Belfast of Ciaran Carson’s The Star Factory.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, vol. 23, 2005, pp. 373–94. https://doi.org/10.1068/d53j
The Bible. Authorized King James Version. Oxford UP, 1998.
Wheatley, David. “‘That Blank Mouth’: Secrecy, Shibboleths, and Silence in Northern Irish Poetry.” Journal of Modern Literature, vol. 25, no. 1, 2001, pp. 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1353/jml.2001.0025
Wills, Clair. Reading Paul Muldoon. Bloodaxe, 1998.