In Alice Walker’s vignette “The Flowers,” a young black girl’s walk in the woods is interrupted when she treads “smack” into the skull of a lynched man. As her name predicates, Myop’s age and innocence obstruct her from seeing deeply into the full implications of the scene, while the more worldly reader is jarred and confronted with a whole history of racial violence and slavery. The skeleton, its teeth cracked and broken, is a temporal irruption, a Gothic “smack” that shatters the transience of the pastoral scene with the intrusion of a deeper past from which dead matter/material de-composes (disturbs, unsettles, undoes) the story’s present with the violent matter/issue of racism. Walker’s story is representative of an important trope in fiction, where the pastoral dead speak through the details of their remains, and the temporal fabric of text is disrupted by the very substance of death.

Against the backdrops of Terry Gifford’s post-pastoral and Fred Botting’s Gothic understanding of the literary corpse as “negative[ly] sublime,” this essay explores the fictional dead as matter unfettered by genre, consistently signifying beyond their own inanimate silences, revealing suppressed and unpalatable themes of racial and sexual violence, child abuse and cannibalistic consumerism. Along with Walker’s story, this study considers these ideas through new readings of Stephen King’s novella The Body, Raymond Carver’s story “So Much Water So Close to Home,” and The Road by Cormac McCarthy. While these writers may form an unlikely grouping in terms of style, each uses pastoral remains as significant material, deploying the dead as Gothic entities that force the reader to confront America’s darkest social and historical matters.


Bartolovic, Crystal. “Consumerism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Cannibalism.” Cannibalism and Colonial World. Ed. Francis Barker, Peter Hulme and Margaret Iversen. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998. 204–37. GoogleBooks. Web. 16 Apr. 2015.

Bloom, Harold. Alice Walker. New York: Infobase, 2007. Print.

Botting, Fred. Gothic. New York: Routledge, 2014. Kindle file.

Bruhm, Steven. “The Contemporary Gothic: Why We Need It.” The Cambridge Companion to Gothic Fiction. Ed. Jerrold E. Hogle. Cambridge UP, 2009. 259–76. Cambridge Companions Online. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.

Carver, Raymond. “So Much Water So Close to Home.” Fires: Essays, Poems, Stories. New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 1989. 185–204. Print.

Gifford, Terry. “Cormac McCarthy’s The Road and a Post-Pastoral Theory of Fiction.” TerryGifford.co.uk. 2013. Web. 25 Apr. 2015.

Gifford, Terry. Pastoral. Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2001. Kindle file.

Hage, Erik. Cormac McCarthy: A Literary Companion. Jefferson, NC: MacFarland, 2010. GoogleBooks. Web. 25 Apr. 2015.

Jindabyne. Dir. Ray Lawrence. Roadshow Films, 2006. DVD.

King, Stephen. “The Body.” Different Seasons. London: Hodder, 2007. 383–582. Kindle file.

Kolodny, Annette. The Lay of the Land: Metaphor as Experience and History in American Life and Letters. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1984. GoogleBooks. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.

Kristeva, Julia. The Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Columbia UP, 1980. GoogleBooks. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.

Lainsbury, G.P. The Carver Chronotope: Contextualizing Raymond Carver. New York: Routledge, 2004. GoogleBooks. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.

Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America. New York: Oxford UP, 2000. Kindle file.

McCarthy, Cormac. The Road. New York: Picador, 2010. Kindle file.

Meeropol, Abel. “Strange Fruit.” Perf. Billie Holiday. Verve, 2003. MP3.

Oswald, Dana. “Monstrous Gender: Geographies of Ambiguity.” The Ashgate Research Companion to Monsters and the Monstrous. Ed. Asa Simon Mittman with Peter J. Dendle. Farnham: Ashgate, 2012. 343–64. GoogleBooks. Web. 16 Apr. 2015.

The Road. Dir. John Hillcote. Weinstein, 2009. DVD.

Sanghani, Radhika. “Teenage Boys Addicted to ‘Extreme’ Porn and Want Help.” The Telegraph. The Telegraph 30 Sep. 2013. Web. 14 Apr. 2015.

Sears, John. Stephen King’s Gothic. Cardiff: U of Wales P, 2011. GoogleBooks. Web. 16 Apr. 2015.

Stave, Shirley A. Gloria Naylor: Strategy, Technique, Magic and Myth. London: Associated UP, 2001. Print.

Walker, Alice. “The Flowers.” Sudden Fiction (Continued). Ed. Robert Shapard and James Thomas. New York: Norton, 1996. Print.

First Page


Last Page