•  
  •  
 

Abstract

In his early career, Kenneth Millar, better known as Ross Macdonald, emulated the style of Dashiell Hammett and Raymond Chandler. By the 1960s he had established himself as a distinct voice in the hardboiled genre. In his Lew Archer series, he conveys the complexity of his characters and settings primarily by the use of metaphors. In his 1966 novel Black Money the device performs three functions. In the case of minor characters, the author uses metaphors to comment on Californian society. Concurrently, metaphors describing major characters allow him to develop their dramatic arcs, whereas the recurring elements of the leitmotif serve to demonstrate the narrating detective’s growing concerns with the ongoing investigation. Arguably, it was Macdonald’s use of metaphors that helped define his unique voice.

Keywords

Ross Macdonald, Lew Archer, metaphor, blending, hardboiled fiction

References

Bruccoli, Matthew Joseph, and Richard Layman. Hardboiled Mystery Writers: Raymond Chandler, Dashiell Hammett, Ross Macdonald: A Literary Reference. New York: Carroll and Graf, 2002. Print.

Evans, Vyvyan, and Melanie Green. Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction. Edinburgh: U of Edinburgh P, 2006. Print.

Gale, L. Robert. A Ross Macdonald Companion. Westport: Greenwood, 2002. Print.

Knapp, John. “Ross Macdonald, Family Systems Detective.” Clues: A Journal of Detection 24 (2006): 73–88. Print.

Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2011. Print.

Macdonald, Ross. Black Money. New York: Knopf, 1966. ePUB.

Medina, Jennifer. “Santa Ana Winds, Unusually Strong, Rattle More Than Nerves in California.” Nytimes.com. The New York Times 2 Dec. 2011. Web. 1 Jul. 2019.

Nolan, Tom. Ross Macdonald: A Biography. New York: Scribner, 1999. Print.

Porter, Dennis. “The Private Eye.” The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction. Ed. Martin Priestman. Cambridge: U of Cambridge P, 2003. 95–114. Print.

“Santa Ana Wind.” W1.weather.gov. NOAA’s National Weather Service Glossary. Web. 1 Jul. 2019.

Skinner, Robert S. The Hard-Boiled Explicator: A Guide to the Study of Dashiell Hammet, Raymond Chandler and Ross Macdonald. London: Scarecrow, 1985. Print.

Stephenson, Terry E. “The Santa Ana Wind.” California Folklore Quarterly 2.1 (1943): 35–40. Print.

First Page

259

Last Page

270

Language

eng

Share

COinS