•  
  •  
 

Abstract

The article discusses Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony with a focus on textual manifestations of the figure of the trickster. The theme of shape-shifting and transformation that one usually associates with tricksters is linked here with the theme of (non)dualist timespace, the notion of interbeing, which in turn introduces the theme of trauma healing. The author combines two perspectives—Paula Gunn Allen’s view on timespace in her The Sacred Hoop, and Gerald Vizenor’s writings concerning trickster aesthetics—in order to show that the narrative structure of the novel can also be seen as an embodiment of the trickster: trickster-timespace, trickster-relation, and trickster-processuality; these three manifestations of the trickster are analyzed from the perspective of one more actualization of the trickster, that of a psychopomp, the “Guide of Souls” (which is manifested both at the level of plot and narration).

Keywords

trickster, healing, Leslie Marmon Silko, „Ceremony”

References

Allen, Paula Gunn. “Bringing Home the Fact: Tradition and Continuity in the Imagination.” Recovering The Word: Essays on Native American Literature. Ed. Brian Swann and Arnold Krupat. Berkeley: U of California P, 1987. 563–79. Print.

Allen, Paula Gunn. Grandmothers of the Light: A Medicine Woman’s Sourcebook. Boston: Beacon, 1991. Print.

Allen, Paula Gunn. The Sacred Hoop: Recovering the Feminine in American Indian Traditions. Boston: Beacon, 1986. Print.

Bell, Robert C. “Circular Design in Ceremony.” American Indian Quarterly 5 (1979): 47–62. Print.

Benedict, Ruth. “Eight Stories from Acoma.” Journal of American Folklore 43.167 (1930): 59–87. Print.

Benedict, Ruth. Patterns of Culture. New York: First Mariner, 2005. Print.

Blaeser, Kimberly M. Gerald Vizenor: Writing in the Oral Tradition. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1996. Print.

Boas, Franz. Keresan Texts. New York: American Ethnological Society, 1928. Print.

Chapman, Mary. “‘The Belly of this Story’: Storytelling and Symbolic Birth in Native American Fiction.” Studies in American Indian Literatures 7.2 (Summer 1995): 4–16. Print.

Chavkin, Allan, ed. Leslie Marmon Silko’s “Ceremony.” A Casebook. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. Print.

Deloria, Vine Jr. Custer Died for Your Sins: An Indian Manifesto. New York: Avon, 1969. Print.

Gunn, John Malcolm. “Schat-chen: History, Traditions and Naratives of the Queres Indians of Laguna and Acoma.” Studies in American Indian Literatures 5.1 (Spring 1993): 25–30. Print.

Hyde, Lewis. Trickster Makes This World: Mischief, Myth, and Art. New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 1998. Print.

Hynes, William J. “Mapping the Characteristics of Mythic Tricksters: A Heuristic Guide.” Mythical Trickster Figures: Contours, Contexts, and Criticisms. Ed. William J. Hynes and William G. Doty. Tuscaloosa: Alabama UP, 1993. 33–45. Print.

Hynes, William J. and William G. Doty. “Introducing the Fascinating and Perplexing Trickster Figure.” Mythical Trickster Figures: Contours, Contexts, and Criticisms. Ed. William J. Hynes and William G. Doty. Tuscaloosa: Alabama UP, 1993. 1–12. Print.

Jahner, Elaine. “An Act of Attention: Event Structure in Ceremony.” Leslie Marmon Silko’s “Ceremony.” A Casebook. Ed. Allan Chavkin. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. 41–50. Print.

Kocot, Monika. “Games with Kitsch in the Works of Sherman Alexie and Thomas King.” Redefining Kitsch and Camp in Literature and Culture. Ed. Justyna Stępień. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2014. 99–112. Print.

Kocot, Monika. “‘Our Island in the Flood on the Turtle’s Back’: Images of the Flood in Daniel David Moses’s Aazhoodena: The Place of the Heart.” Perspectives on Canada—International Canadian Studies despite Harper and Trudeau. Ed. Barbara Butrymowska and Uwe Zagratzki. Hamburg: Verlag Dr. Kovac, 2018. 225–47. Print.

Kocot, Monika. Playing Games of Sense in Edwin Morgan’s Writing. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2016. Print.

Kocot, Monika. “Płynna tożsamość—oblicza trickstera w powieściach Indian Ameryki Północnej.” Dyskursy o kulturze. Ed. Rafał Mielczarek and Michał Skorzycki. Łódź: SAN, 2012. 83–102. Print.

Kocot, Monika. “Post-Indian Warriors of Simulation: Sherman Alexie’s Flight as a ‘Story of Survivance.’” The Post-Marked World: Theory and Practice in the 21st Century. Ed. Krystyna Kujawińska Courtney, Izabella Penier and Sumit Chakrabarti. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2013. 139– 52. Print.

Kocot, Monika. “Rewizje historyczne we współczesnej powieści indiańskiej.” Historia w wersji popularnej. Ed. Izabela Kowalczyk and Izolda Kiec. Gdańsk: Katedra Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 2015. 164–84. Print.

Kocot, Monika. “The Whittrick Play of No Nothing: Alan Spence, Edwin Morgan, and Indra’s Net.” Text Matters: A Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 8 (2018): 189–211. Print.

Kocot, Monika. “Trickster Discourse: the Figure of Whittrick in Edwin Morgan’s Writing.” Visions and Revisions. Studies in Literature and Culture. Ed. Grzegorz Czemiel et al. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2015. 49–58. Print.

Kocot, Monika. “‘Tricksterowa hermeneutyka’ a procesualność lektury—próba (od) czytania Ceremony Leslie Marmon Silko.” Prze(d)sądy o czytaniu kultury. Ed. Julian Czurko and Michał Wróblewski. Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, 2014. 165–78. Print.

Krupat, Arnold. “Post-Structuralism and Oral Literature.” Recovering the Word. Essays on Native American Literature. Ed. Brian Swan and Arnold Krupat. Berkeley: U of California P, 1987. 113–28. Print.

Krupat, Arnold. The Voice in the Margin: Native American Literature and the Canon. Berkeley: U of California P, 1989. Print.

Lincoln, Kenneth. Native American Renaissance. Berkeley: U of California P, 1983. Print.

Lutz, Hartmut. Contemporary Achievements. Contextualizing Canadian Aboriginal Literatures. Studies in Anglophone Literatures and Cultures. Volume 6. Ed. Martin Kuester. Augsburg: Wissner-Verlag, 2015. Print.

Mariani, Giorgio. Post-Tribal Epics: The Native American Novel Between Tradition and Modernity. Lewinston: Edwin Mellen, 1996. Print.

Morgan, Winifred. The Trickster Figure in American Literature. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Print.

Nelson, Robert M. Leslie Marmon Silko’s “Ceremony”: The Recovery of Tradition. New York: Peter Lang, 2008. Print.

Nelson, Robert M. “The Function of the Landscape of Ceremony.” Leslie Marmon Silko’s “Ceremony.” A Casebook. Ed. Allan Chavkin. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. 139–74. Print.

Owens, Louis. Other Destinies: Understanding the American Indian Novel. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1992. Print.

Purdy, John. “The Transformation: Tayo’s Geneaology in Ceremony.” Leslie Marmon Silko’s “Ceremony.” A Casebook. Ed. Allan Chavkin. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. 63–70. Print.

Radin, Paul. The Trickster: A Study in American Indian Mythology. New York: Schocken, 1956. Print.

Silko, Leslie Marmon. Ceremony. New York: Penguin, 1977. Print.

Silko, Leslie Marmon. Storyteller. New York: Arcade, 1981. Print.

Swan, Edith. “Healing via the Sunwise Cycle in Silko’s Ceremony.” American Indian Quarterly 12 (1988): 313–28. Print.

Swan, Edith. “Laguna Symbolic Geography and Silko’s Ceremony.” American Indian Quarterly 12 (1988): 229–49. Print.

Turner, Victor. “Liminal to Liminoid, in Play, Flow, and Ritual: An Essay in Comparative Symbology.” Rice University Studies 60.3 (1974): 53–92. Print.

Vizenor, Gerald. Earthdivers: Tribal Narratives on Mixed Descent. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1981. Print.

Vizenor, Gerald. Manifest Manners: Postindian Warriors of Survivance. Hanover, NH: UP of New England, 1994. Print.

Vizenor, Gerald. Narrative Chance: Postmodern Discourse on Native American Indian Literatures. Ed. Gerald Vizenor. New York: U of Oklahoma P, 1993. Print.

First Page

292

Last Page

315

Language

eng

Share

COinS